1 volume (194 leaves) : paper ; 26 x 19 cm bound to 27 x 20 cm
Contains a collection of 38 of Philippe-Antoine Merlin's requisitions, or prosecutorial addresses, to the Tribunal de Cassation from 1801 to 1804. There is a caption with a docket number, case name, and the date written in the upper left hand corner of each requisition, although in many instances, these are partially obscured by the binding. The manuscript has been heavily corrected, edited, and over-written in Merlin's hand. The requisitions were written on a collection of loose paper which were subsequently bound. Many of the requisitions are written on the verso of other documents, including marriage and death announcements; letters seeking appointments, assistance, and advice; stamped envelopes; and printed forms.
Ms. codex. Title transcribed from spine. Collation: Paper, fol. i + 194 + ii. Origin: Written in Paris by Philippe-Antoine Merlin between 1801 and 1804. Shelfmark: Berkeley, CA, the Robbins Collection, UC Berkeley School of Law, Robbins MS 232.
Formatted Contents Note
Lection des requêtr. [?]5 du rôle: Jugement du 3 [fri?]maire, an 9 No. 2 du rôle: Jugement du 13 [brumaire?], an 9 No. 12 du rôle: Jugement du 13 [brumaire?], an 9 No. 14 du rôle: Jugement du 22 [?], an 9 No. 27 du rôle: Jugement du 23 [?], an 9 No. 28 du rôle: Jugement du 23 brumaire, an 9 No. 98 du rôle: Jugement du [?] frimre, an 9 No. 33 du rôle: Jugement du 13 [br]umaire, an 9 No. 8 du rôle: Jugement du 13 [br]umaire, an 9 No. 9 du rôle: Jugement du 13 [?], an 9 No. 4 du rôle: Jugement du 11 [?], an 9 10 du rôle: Jugement du 12 [br]umaire, an 9 52 du rôle. Jugement du 11 [?], an 9 105 du rôle: Jugement du 1er. [plu?]viose, an 9 49 ins. la Chèze R. 122 du rôle: Jugement du 11 [plu]viose, an 9 130: Jugement du 21 [ven]tose, an 9 118 du rôle: Jugement du [?] ventose, an 9 45 du rôle: Jugement du 4 [fr]imaire, an 9 47 du rôle: Jugement du 4 [fr]imaire, an 9 [?]9 du rôle: Jugement du 4 [fr]maire, an 9 129: Rigot le chevalier: Jugement [du] 11 ven[tôse], an 9 133: Ce. [Zansiacd?] mi R. M. Tartarive, le Cn, Lafargue: Jugement du 4 [ger]minal, an 9 140 [urs.?]: Jugement du 12 ventose, an 9 86 du rôle: Jugement du 2 [ni]vose, an 9 48 [urs.?]: Belmont les Cn. Belmont le préfet du [?] de libére: Jugement du [?]1 pluviose, an 9 Lection des requêtr.: Jacob Gozlan, [?] Coquet: Jugement du [?] ventose, an 10 Lection des requêtr.: Joseph Ribaut, le C[n]. Jossinet: Jugement du [?] germinal, an 10 Lection des requêter.: Jugement du [?]0 germinal, an 10 Lection des requêter.: Jugement du [?] floreal, an [?] Lection des requêter.: Maire et la [?]mme de Merlimont, lection d'espy. Nicolas Guilbert: Jugement du 28 parial, an 10 Lection des requêter.: Valeri-Percy, la veuve [?]ailly et consorts: Jugement du [?]2 germinal, an 10 Lection des requêter.: Cap. de vielle: Jugement du 3 ventose, an 10 Lection des requêter: Créanciers langlois le Cn. Crespin: jugement du 23 [plu]viose, an 10 Lection des requêtr.: Jean-Joseph Wallerand, Charles Clémant: du 3 [p]luviose, an 2 Rente [seisucuriale?]: Jugement du 6 nivose, [an] 12 Lection ré[cuci?]: Pierre-François Bourgeois: Arrêt du 7 florial, an 13.
Restrictions: Inquiries concerning this item should be directed to the reference librarian for the Robbins Collection.
Philippe-Antoine Merlin, born 1754 in Arleaux (Flanders), was a lawyer and politician. Elected deputy for Douai to the États généraux in 1789, he played an active role in the Assemblée nationale. After Robespierre's fall in 1794, Merlin briefly became president of the Convention nationale and a member of the Comité de salut public. He published a report on French civil and criminal law in 1795, and shortly thereafter he became Minister of Police and then Minister of Justice under the Directoire. In the same year, he joined the Institut national des sciences et des arts. From 1797 to 1799, he was one of five members of the Directoire exécutif. After a period of enforced retirement to private life following his resignation from the Directoire, Merlin became a commissaire for the government in the Tribunal de cassation in 1801. In 1804, he became the procurer-general of the Cour de Cassation, where he remained until his banishment from France after the Second Restoration in 1816. He spent his time in exile working on his Répertoire de jurisprudence and Recueil alphabétique des questions de droit. After the July Revolution in 1830, Merlin was able to return to France and to re-enter the Insitut de France. He died in 1838 in Paris. The Tribunal de cassation was created in 1790 as a court of error, which would judge judicial decisions, but which would not interpret the law and and would operate under the control of the Corps législatif. As this proved unworkable, subsequent legislation made the Tribunal more independent, allowing the judges more latitude to interpret the law and develop a system of jurisprudence. In 1804, the Tribunal de cassation became the Cour de cassation. The Cour de casssation remains France's final court of appeal for civil and criminal matters, ensuring that the same laws are being interpreted in the same ways by all courts.
Bound in brown marble paper over pasteboard. Endpapers marbled brown, cream, and white. Spine covered in leather with gilt flourishes and title.