This monograph presents new ideas in nomic truth approximation. It features original and revised papers from a (formal) philosopher of science who has studied the concept for more than 35 years. Over the course of time, the author's initial ideas evolved. He discovered a way to generalize his first theory of nomic truth approximation, viz. by dropping an unnecessarily strong assumption. In particular, he first believed to have to assume that theories were maximally specific in the sense that they did not only exclude certain conceptual possibilities, but also that all non-excluded possibilities were in fact claimed to be nomically possible. Now, he argues that the exclusion claim alone, or for that matter the inclusion claim alone, is sufficient to motivate the formal definition of being closer to the nomic truth. The papers collected here detail this generalized view of nomic truthlikeness or verisimilitude. Besides this, the book presents, in adapted form, the relation with several other topics, such as, domain revision, aesthetic progress, abduction, inference to the best explanation, pragmatic aspects, probabilistic methods, belief revision and epistemological positions, notably constructive realism. Overall, the volume presents profound insight into nomic truth approximation. This idea seeks to determine how one theory can be closer to, or more similar to, the truth about what is nomically, e.g. physically, chemically, biologically, possible than another theory. As a result, it represents the ultimate goal of theory oriented empirical science. Theo Kuipers is the author of Studies in Inductive Probability and Rational Expectation (1978), From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism (2000) and Structures in Science (2001). He is the volume-editor of the Handbook on General Philosophy of Science (2007). In 2005 there appeared two volumes of Essays in Debate with Theo Kuipers, entitled Confirmation, Empirical Progress, and Truth Approximation and Cognitive Structures in Scientific Inquiry.
Formatted Contents Note
Ch. 1. Background and Overview Part I: Basically closer to the nomic truth Ch. 2. Nomic Truth Approximation by Empirical Progress Revisited Ch. 3. Perspectives and guidelines for theories of (nomic) truth approximation by empirical progress Ch. 4. Models, postulates, and generalized nomic truth approximation Part II: Concretizations Ch. 5 Quantitative nomic truth approximation Ch. 6. Refined nomic truth approximation Ch. 7. Stratified nomic truth approximation Part III: Extensions. Ch. 8. Theories looking for domains. Nomic truth approximation by domain revision Ch. 9. Beauty, a road to the truth? Part IV: Reasoning around nomic truth approximation Ch. 10. Abduction aiming at empirical progress or even truth approximation: a challenge for computational modeling Ch. 11. Inference to the best theory, rather than inference to the best explanation. Kinds of abduction and induction Ch. 12. Pragmatic aspects of truth approximation Ch. 13. Empirical progress and nomic truth approximation by the 'Hypothetico-Probabilistic Method' Part V: Belief revision aiming at truth approximation. Ch. 14. Basic and refined nomic truth approximation by evidence-guided belief set revision Ch. 15. Dovetailing belief base revision with truth approximation Part VI: Conclusion: comparative constructive nomic realism. Ch. 16. Comparative realism as the best response to antirealism Acknowledgements Curriculum Vitae Index.
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