This book examines how prisons meet challenges of religious diversity, in an era of increasing multiculturalism and globalization. Social scientists studying corrections have noted the important role that religious or spiritual practice can have on rehabilitation. In the past, the historical figure of the prison chaplain operated primarily in a Christian context, following primarily a Christian model. Increasingly, prison populations (inmates as well as employees) display diversity in their ethnic, cultural, religious and geographic backgrounds. As public institutions, prisons are compelled to uphold the human rights of their inmates, including religious freedom. Prisons face challenges in approaching religious plurality and secularism, and maintaining prisoners' legal rights to religious freedom. The contributions to this work present case studies that examine how prisons throughout Europe have approached challenges of religious diversity. Featuring contributions from the UK, France, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Belgium and Spain, this interdisciplinary volume includes contributions from social and political scientists, religion scholars and philosophers examining the role of religion and religious diversity in prison rehabilitation. It will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, Social and Political Science, Human Rights, Public Policy, and Religious Studies.
Formatted Contents Note
Introduction: European Research on Religious Diversity as a Factor in the Rehabilitation of Prisoners Irene Becci Part I: The making and working of multi-faith prison chaplaincies Chapter 1: Religious diversity and rehabilitation in prisons: management, models and mutation James A. Beckford Chapter 2: The effects of religious diversity on spiritual care: reflections from the Dutch Correction Facilities Mohammed Ajouaou and Tom Bernts Chapter 3: Outline of the Islamic Council for detention in Belgium Farid El Asri Part II: Religious diversity on the way to recognition for prisoners' secular rehabilitation Chapter 4: Religion, reintegration and rehabilitation in French prisons: The impact of prison secularism Corinne Rostaing, Céline Béraud and Claire de Galembert.-Chapter 5: Institutional logic and legal practice: Modes of regulation of religious organizations in German prisons Sarah Jahn Chapter 6: Addressing Religious Differences in Italian Prisons. A Postsecular Perspective Valeria Fabretti Chapter 7: Religious care in the reinvented European "Imamat": Muslims and their guides in Italian prisons Khalid Rhazzali Part III: New approaches to the junction of rehabilitation and religion in the prison realm Chapter 8: Doing yoga behind bars: A sociological study of the growth of holistic spirituality in penitentiary institutions Mar Griera and Anna Clot Chapter 9: Languages of change in prison: exploratory thoughts about the homologies between secular rehabilitation, religious conversion and spiritual quest Irene Becci Chapter 10: Restorative Justice: asserted benefits and existing obstacles in France Frédérich Rognon Conclusion and perspectives. The diversification of chaplaincy in European jails: providing spiritual support for new inmates or countering radicalism? Olivier Roy.
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