9780367219307 (paperback) 9780367219291 (hardback) 9780429268816 (ebook) 0367219301 0367219298
"This book explores misdemeanor courts in the United States by focusing on the processing of misdemeanor crimes and the resultant consequences of conviction, such as loss of employment and housing, the imposition of significant fines, and loss of liberty--all amounting to the criminalization of poverty that happens in many U.S. misdemeanor courts. A major concern is the lack of due process employed in lower courts. Although the seminal case of Gideon v. Wainwright required the appointment of counsel to individuals too poor to hire counsel in felony cases, it was not until 1967, when the President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice found a crisis in the lower courts, that the Supreme Court extended the right to counsel to some (though not all) prosecutions of misdemeanor offenses. The first step to improving our understanding of the lower courts is a concerted effort by scholars to focus on the processing and outcomes of misdemeanor cases. This collection begins to fill the void by providing a comprehensive review of the scholarly work on the lower courts in the United States. Collecting analysis from key academics engaged in work in this area today, the book reviews the varying specialized lower criminal courts, including specialty courts that have emerged in just the last couple of decades, along with discussions of the history, legal challenges, operation, primary actors (judges, prosecutors, defense counsel, and defendants), and current research on these courts. The book explores the profound consequences misdemeanor processing has for defendants and discusses the future of the lower criminal courts and offers best practices to improve them."-- Provided by publisher.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Formatted Contents Note
Introduction : Why Misdemeanor Courts Matter / Alisa Smith Legal History of Misdemeanor Courts / Alisa Smith The Process is the Punishment Revisited : Forty-Year Anniversary Review / Jennifer Earl The Impact of Broken-Windows Policing on Lower Criminal Courts / Jacinta M. Gau and Nicholas Paul Providing Counsel for Defendants: Access, Quality, and Impact / Andrew Davis and Kirstin A. Morgan Misdemeanor Justice in Rural Courts / Alissa Pollitz Worden and Alyssa M. Clark The Validity of Misdemeanor Pleas / Samantha Luna, Amy Dezember, and Allison D. Redlich Minor Crimes, Major Impacts: An Examination of Racially Disparate Outcomes in Misdemeanor Court Processing / Amanda P. Cook The Financial Consequences of Misdemeanors / Sean Maddan and Sierra Bell Specialty Courts as Lower Criminal Courts / Richard D. Hartley The Prosecutor in the Misdemeanor Courtroom : Nudging Culture Change in Policy and Practice / Julian Adler, Sherene Crawford, and Tia Pooler Bail and Pretrial Detention Reform in the Lower Courts / Reveka V. Shteynberg, Alissa Pollitz Worden Necessary but Not Sufficient : A Reexamination of Procedural Justice in the Lower Courts (and Beyond) / Julian Adler, Rachel Swaner, and Michael Rempel The Future of Drug, Homeless, and Veterans Courts / Mai E. Naito Conclusion / Sean Maddan.
KF9223 .L69 2019
Available in Other Form
Online version: The lower criminal courts New York : 2019.