This book brings together a large and diverse collection of philosophical papers addressing a wide variety of public policy issues. Topics covered range from long-standing subjects of debate such as abortion, punishment, and freedom of expression, to more recent controversies such as those over gene editing, military drones, and statues honoring Confederate soldiers. Part I focuses on the criminal justice system, including issues that arise before, during, and after criminal trials. Part II covers matters of national defense and sovereignty, including chapters on military ethics, terrorism, and immigration. Part III, which explores political participation, manipulation, and standing, includes discussions of issues involving voting rights, the use of nudges, and claims of equal status. Part IV covers a variety of issues involving freedom of speech and expression. Part V deals with questions of justice and inequality. Part VI considers topics involving bioethics and biotechnology. Part VII is devoted to beginning of life issues, such as cloning and surrogacy, and end of life issues, such as assisted suicide and organ procurement. Part VIII navigates emerging environmental issues, including treatments of the urban environment and extraterrestrial environments.
Formatted Contents Note
1. Introduction: Philosophers and Public Policy 2. Pretrial Detention and Moral Agency 3. Why Brain Images Should (Probably) Not be Used in U.S. Criminal Trials 4. A Defense of Jury Nullification 5. Mandatory Minimums and the War on Drugs 6. Criminal Punishment and Free Will 7. The Promise of Neuroscience for Law: Hope or Hype? 8. Feminism, Violence, and the State 9. Military Psychological Operations: Ethics and Policy Considerations 10. Against Interrogational Torture: Upholding a Troubled Taboo 11. The Use of Lethal Drones in the War on Terror 12. The Myth of Senseless Violence and the Problem of Terrorism 13. A Defense of Open Borders 14. Immigration Enforcement and Fairness to Would-Be Immigrants 15. Toward a Non-Ideal Approach to Immigration Justice 16. An Ethical Assessment of Actual Voter Behavior 17. Should Children Have the Right to Vote? 18. Nudges, Norms and Autonomy 19. Nudges and Other Moral Technologies in the Context of Power: Assigning and Accepting Responsibility 20. Public Policy and the Administrative Evil of Special Education 21. Manufacturing Monsters: Dehumanization and Public Policy 22. Is Religion Special? More Likely Than Not! 23. Animals and Political Standing 24. The Liberty of Thought and Discussion: Restatement and Implications 25. Free Speech and Discrimination in the Cake Wars 26. Whose Public? The Stakes of Citizens United 27. The Ethics of Racist Monuments 28. Free to Inquire: The Evolution-Creationism Controversy as a Test Case in Equal Time and Free Speech 29. Pedophilia and Computer-Generated Child Pornography 30. Does the ADA Discriminate Against Deaf People? 31. Principles of Distributive Justice 32. When Equality Matters 33. Feminism, Gender Inequality, and Public Policy 34. Understanding Effective Altruism and its Challenges 35. Economic Rent, Rent-Seeking Behavior, and the Case of Privatized Incarceration 36. Accounting for Intrinsic Values in the Federal Student Loan System 37. Borrowed Knowledge: Pedagogy and Student Debt in the Neoliberal University 38. Challenging the Therapy/Enhancement Distinction in CRISPR Gene Editing 39. CRISPR and the Ethics of Gene Drive in Mosquitoes 40. Enhancement and Cheating: Implications for Policy in Sport 41. Sexual Orientation Minority Rights and High-Tech Conversion Therapy 42. Why Policy Making Should Not Be Based on Evolutionary Accounts of Human Behavior 43. Exploitation and International Clinical Research: The Disconnect Between Goals and Policy 44. Mandating Data Exclusivity for Pharmaceuticals Through International Agreements: A Fair Idea? 45. Big Data: Ethical Considerations 46. Professionalism and the Ethics of Conscientious Objection Accommodation in Medicine 47. American Pragmatism, Disability, and the Politics of Resilience in Mental Health Education 48. Human Cloning: Stereotypes, Public Policy, and the Law 49. The Metaphysics of Surrogacy 50. Legislating Pain Capability: Sentience and the Abortion Debate 51. Welcoming the Unborn: Towards a Politics of Inclusion 52. Palliation and Medically Assisted Dying: A Case Study in the Use of Slippery Slope Arguments in Public Policy 53. "I Support the Right to Die. You Go First.": Bias and Physician-Assisted Suicide 54. Organ Procurement: The Ethical Obligation to Release Organs 55. Women, Land, and Eco-Justice 56. A Rights-Based Conception of The Precautionary Principle 57. Roles for Socially-Engaged Philosophy of Science in Environmental Policy 58. The Acceleration of Global Warming as a Crime Against Humanity: A Moral Case for Fossil Fuel Divestment 59. Environmental Civil Disobedience 60. Reliance Structures: How Urban Public Policy Shapes Human Agency 61. Toward a Galactic Common Good: Space Exploration Ethics.
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