International humanitarian law series ; 48. Human Rights and Humanitarian Law E-Books Online, Collection 2016, ISBN ; 9789004303898.
This unique volume provides a detailed analysis of Australia's 300 war crimes trials of principally Japanese accused conducted in the immediate aftermath of the Second World War. Part I contains contextual essays explaining why Australia established military courts to conduct these trials and thematic essays considering various legal issues in, and historical perspectives on, the trials. Part II offers a comprehensive collection of eight location essays, one each for the physical locations where the trials were held. In Part III post-trial issues are reviewed, such as the operation of compounds for war criminals; the repatriation of convicted Japanese war criminals to serve the remainder of their sentences; and reflections of some of those convicted on their experience of the trials. In the final essay, a contemporary reflection on the fairness of the trials is provided, not on the basis of a twenty-first century critique of contemporary minimum standards of fair trial expected in the prosecution of war crimes, but by reviewing approaches taken in the trials themselves as well as from reactions to the trials by those associated with them. The essays are supported by a large collection of unique historical photographs, maps and statistical materials. There has been no systematic and comprehensive analysis of these trials so far, which has meant that they are virtually precluded from consideration as judicial precedent. This volume fills that gap, and offers scholars and practitioners an important and groundbreaking resource.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and indexes.
Formatted Contents Note
Preliminary Material / Georgina Fitzpatrick , Tim McCormack and Narrelle Morris The Australian War Crimes Trials, 1945-51 / Tim McCormack and Narrelle Morris The Emperor's Army: Military Operations and Ideology in the War against Australia / Steven Bullard Jurisdiction of the Australian Military Courts 1945-51 / Tim McCormack The Australian Military Courts under the War Crimes Act 1945- Structure and Approach / Michael Paes Command Responsibility and Other Grounds of Criminal Responsibility / Gideon Boas and Lisa Lee Obedience to Superior Orders and Related Defences / Monique Cormier and Sarah Finnin The Prosecution of Crimes against Civilians / Bridget Dunne and Helen Durham Crimes against Captured Airmen / Tristan Moss and Georgina Fitzpatrick Crimes against Asians in Command Responsibility Trials / Yuma Totani Cannibalism and the War Crimes Trials / Georgina Fitzpatrick Death Sentences, Japanese War Criminals and the Australian Military / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Trials on Morotai / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Trials at Wewak / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Trials on Labuan / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Trials in Darwin / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Trials in Rabaul / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Trials in Singapore / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Trials in Hong Kong / Georgina Fitzpatrick Last Trials: Manus Island / Georgina Fitzpatrick The Australian War Criminals Compounds at Rabaul and on Manus Island, 1945-53 / Narrelle Morris Changing Direction: Repatriation of Japanese War Criminals in Australian Custody / Dean Aszkielowicz The 'Post-War' of the BC-Class War Criminals: How Did War Criminals React to the Australian Trials? / Utsumi Aiko , Udagawa Kōta and Steven Bullard Were the Australian Trials Fair? / Narrelle Morris and Tim McCormack Appendix I War Crimes Act 1945 (Cth) / Georgina Fitzpatrick , Tim McCormack and Narrelle Morris Appendix II Regulations for the Trial of War Criminals 1945 (Cth) / Georgina Fitzpatrick , Tim McCormack and Narrelle Morris Appendix III Board of Inquiry List of War Crimes / Georgina Fitzpatrick , Tim McCormack and Narrelle Morris Appendix IV Trials List with National Archives of Australia Series and Item Number / Georgina Fitzpatrick , Tim McCormack and Narrelle Morris Indices / Georgina Fitzpatrick , Tim McCormack and Narrelle Morris.
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Available in Other Form
Print version: Australia's War Crimes Trials 1945-51 Leiden, Boston : Brill | Nijhoff, 2016,