Studies in space law ; 16. International Law E-Books Online, Collection 2020, ISBN ; 9789004419070.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references.
Formatted Contents Note
Foreword Acknowledgements List of Figures and Tables Abbreviations Introduction 1 Physical Characteristics and Users of the Geostationary Orbit 1 The Way Leading to the Geostationary Orbit 2 Types of Orbits 3 Two Examples of Circular and Elliptical Orbits 4 The Geostationary Orbit 5 Geosynchronous Orbits 6 The Geostationary Ring as a Three-Dimensional Body 7 Some Natural Forces Influencing Satellite Positions 8 Users of the Geostationary Ring 9 Conclusion 2 Basic Concepts of Space Law as Relevant to the Geostationary Ring 1 Space Law Legal and Political Multilateral Instruments 2 Basic Concepts of Space Law 3 State Responsibility in General 4 State Responsibility for Space Activities 5 Liability 6 Conclusion 3 Sovereignty Claims with Respect to the Geostationary Ring 1 The Boundaries of Outer Space 2 The Bogotá Declaration 3 Position of Colombia 4 Position of Ecuador 5 The Unsubstantiated Position of Colombia and Ecuador 6 Conclusion 4 Slots and Electromagnetic Frequencies 1 Beginning of Space Communications 2 Brief Historical Background of ITU 's Role with Regard to Geostationary Communications 3 Stepping Stones for Geostationary Slot and Frequency Coordination 4 Controversial and Peculiar Issues 5 Conclusion 5 Space Traffic in the Geostationary Ring 1 Busy Segments in the Geostationary Ring 2 Sharing Duties for Satellite Station-keeping 3 Traffic Rules and Traffic Management 4 Conclusion 6 Pollution of the Geostationary Ring 1 Generation of Space Debris 2 Small Space Debris 3 Space Surveillance 4 Initial Efforts to Preserve the Geostationary Ring 5 Conclusion 7 Re-orbiting into Graveyard Orbits 1 The Geostationary Ring as a Protected Region 2 The Price of Re-orbiting Satellites into Graveyard Orbits 3 Evolution of the IADC Recommendations on 'Re-orbiting' into Customary Law? 4 Will the 'Re-orbiting of Geostationary Satellites into Graveyard Orbits' Crystallize into a New Norm of International Customary Law? 5 Legal Consequences If 'Re-orbiting of Geostationary Satellites into Graveyard Orbits' Crystallizes as a Norm 6 Legal Consequences Even If No Norm Exists 7 Conclusion 8 On-Orbit Servicing, Removal and Recycling of Space Debris 1 The State with Jurisdiction and Control 2 On-Orbit Servicing of Geostationary Satellites 3 Salvage of Space Objects 4 Recycling Space Objects 5 Responsibility and Liability for On-orbit Servicing, Salvage and Recycling 6 Active Space Debris Removal 7 Responsibility and Liability for Removal 8 Removal of Hazardous Space Objects XX 9 Model for The Distant Future: International Market Oriented Space Removal 10 Conclusion 9 Unauthorised Cyber Activities 1 Basic Technical Description of a Satellite System 2 Methods to Access the Computer Systems of a Space System 3 Unauthorised Access to Satellite Payload Information 4 Unauthorised Access to Satellite Flight Systems 5 Unauthorised Cyber Activities Under Telecommunications Law 6 Unauthorised Cyber Activities in Space Law 7 Phases of Unauthorised Cyber Activities XX 8 Recommendations to Counteract Unauthorised Cyber Activities on Space Systems 9 Conclusion 10 Future Systems 1 Space Solar Power Systems 2 Space Mirrors 3 Space Elevator 4 Other Uses 5 Conclusion Concluding Remarks 1 Matters for Further Research 2 The Way Forward Annex 1: IADC Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines Annex 2: Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, United Nations Annex 3: Table About the Practice by States and International Organisations on Satellite Re-Orbiting from 1999 to 2018 Annex 4: Proposal of an International Convention on the Removal of Hazardous Space Debris Bibliography Treaties, Other Instruments and Documents Court Cases.
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