All global privacy law is, to varying degrees, based upon the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Fair Information Practice Principles (FIPPs). Though first developed in 1973, few have questioned the extent to which the FIPPs and subsequent regulations operationalizing them account for non-Western (i.e. nonneoliberal) legal and cultural systems. But given the increasingly international character of data flows and the number of non-European countries now enacting national data privacy laws for the first time, that oversight should be remedied. In particular, nations that observe some form of Islamic law or culture have rich histories of discourse that speak directly to definitions of privacy interests and methods of privacy protections. Those studying data privacy in these nations or looking to move information to and from them should be mindful of Islamic perspectives on privacy and encourage greater examination of such perspectives’ intersection with extant data privacy regimes.




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