9781316144893 (ebook) 9781107093362 (hardback) 9781107472242 (paperback)
What have WTO accessions contributed to the rules-based multilateral trading system? What demands have been made by original WTO members on acceding governments? How have the acceding governments fared? This volume of essays offers critical readings on how WTO accession negotiations have expanded the reach of the multilateral trading system not only geographically but also conceptually, clarifying disciplines and pointing the way to their further strengthening in future negotiations. Members who have acceded since the WTO was established now account for twenty per cent of total WTO membership. In the age of globalization there is an increased need for a universal system of trade rules. Accession negotiations have been used by governments as an instrument for domestic reforms, and one lesson from the accession process is that there are contexts which lead multilateral trade negotiations to successful outcomes even in the complex and multi-polar twenty-first century economic environment.
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Formatted Contents Note
Foreword / Roberto Azevêdo PART I. WTO ACCESSIONS, THE TRADING SYSTEM AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMY: A reflection on accessions as the WTO turns twenty / Uri Dadush, Chiedu Osakwe Developments in the global economy and trading system effects : the transformation of world trade / Uri Dadush The WTO and the global economy : contemporary challenges and possible responses / Bernard M. Hoekman The structural reform implications of WTO accession / Mona Haddad, Claire H. Hollweg, Alberto Portugal-Perez The macroeconomic implications of WTO accession / Alexei Kireyev The future of Asia : unleashing the power of trade and governance / Emil P. Bolongaita, Maika Oshikawa Eurasian Economic Union integration : timetable, priorities and challenges / Andrey Slepnev WTO accessions : what does the academic literature say? / Alexei Kireyev, Mustapha Sekkate PART II. OVERVIEW : SYSTEMIC OUTCOMES FROM ACCESSIONS: Contributions and lessons from WTO accessions : the present and future of the rules-based multilateral trading system / Chiedu Osakwe WTO rule-making : WTO Accession Protocols and jurisprudence / Valerie Hughes The evolution of the GATT/WTO Accession Protocol : legal tightening and domestic ratification / Petra Beslac, Chiedu Osakwe PART III. MEMBERS' PERSPECTIVES ON ACCESSION NEGOTIATIONS: WTO accessions from a member's perspective : safeguarding the rules-based system / Mark Linscott, Cecilia Klein WTO accessions : a market access perspective on growth the approach of the European Union / Carlos Gimeno Verdejo WTO accessions : a rules perspective on growth the approach of the European Union / Ruta Zarnauskaite WTO accession negotiations : trends and results in agriculture plurilaterals / Julie-Ann Guivarra The 2001 WTO accession of China : negotiating experience challenges, opportunities and post-accession approaches / Xiankun Lu The 2001 WTO accession of the Separate Customs Territory Of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen And Matsu : negotiating experience challenges, opportunities and approaches post- accession / Thomas Pen-Chung Tung The 2004 WTO accession of Cambodia : negotiating priorities and experience growth and integration eleven years later / Cham Prasidh The 2008 WTO accession of Ukraine : negotiating experience challenges, opportunities and post-accession approaches / Valeriy Pyatnitskiy, Svitlana Zaitseva The year 2012 : WTO accession of Montenegro why did we apply to join? priorities and results / Goran Scepanovic, Danijela Gacevic The 2012 WTO accession of Russia : negotiating experience challenges, opportunities and post-accession approaches / Maxim Medvedkov, Dmitry Lyakishev The 2013 WTO accession of Lao PDR : specific commitments and the integration of least-developed countries into the global economy / Khemmani Pholsena, Buavanh Vilavong The 2013 WTO accession of Tajikistan : experience of a landlocked economy in a changing regional economic configuration / Saidrahmon Nazriev The 2014 WTO accession of Yemen : accession negotiations as an instrument for domestic reform, national security and international cooperation / Saadaldeen Ali Bin Talib. PART IV. WORKING PARTY CHAIRPERSONS' PERSPECTIVES ON ACCESSION NEGOTIATIONS: Facilitating accessions : the role of the working party chairperson / Clyde Kull A podium perspective : experiences and challenges of chairing a working party / Stefan H. Jóhannesson Are there different rules for least-developed countries in a rule-based system? / Steffen Smidt Managing the challenge of acceding post-conflict states / Joakim Reiter PART V. SALIENT FEATURES IN WTO ACCESSION PROTOCOLS: Market access goods negotiations : salience, results and meaning / Jürgen Richtering, Eric Ng Shing, Mustapha, Sekkate, Dayong Yu Services market opening : salience, results and meaning / Antonia Carzaniga, Aik Hoe Lim, Juneyoung Lee WTO accession and the private sector : the nexus of rules and market opportunities / Rajesh Aggarwal, Charlotta Falenius WTO accession and accession to the Agreement on Government Procurement : what is the relationship? : why should WTO acceding governments also consider GPA accession? / Robert D. Anderson, Anna Caroline Müller Energy-related rules in Accession Protocols : where are they? / Juneyoung Lee, Amara Okenwa, George Tebagana, Prajwal Baral Domestic framework for making and enforcing policies / Josefita Pardo De León, Rafat Al-Akhali Export duty commitments : the treaty dialogue and the pattern of commitments / Chiedu Osakwe, Dayong Yu, Petra Beslac Disciplining state trading practices : lessons from WTO accession negotiations / Dimitar Bratanov Intellectual property rights protection : the plus/minus debate from a least-developed country perspective sense and nonsense / Alexandra Bhattacharya, Joan Laker Apecu The future of multilateral investment rules in the WTO : contributions from WTO accession outcomes / Chiedu Osakwe, Juneyoung Lee Sanitary and phytosanitary measures : trends in accession plurilateral negotiations / Chiedu Osakwe, Anna Varyanik Strengthening transparency in the multilateral trading system : the contribution of the WTO accession process / Petra Beslac PART VI. CONCLUSION: Accession Protocols as building blocks / Chiedu Osakwe, Uri Dadush Annex. Contributor biographies.