9780429426230 (electronic book) 0429426232 (electronic book) 9780429760341 (electronic book : Mobipocket) 0429760345 (electronic book : Mobipocket) 9780429760358 (electronic book : EPUB) 0429760353 (electronic book : EPUB) 9780429760365 0429760361 9781138387508 1138387509
This book asks the fundamental question of how new human rights issues emerge in the human rights debate. To answer this, the book focuses on nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and on the case study of LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) rights. The work argues that the way in which NGOs decide their advocacy, conceptualise human rights violations and strategically present legal analysis to advance LGBTI human rights shapes the human rights debate. To demonstrate this, the book analyses three data sets: NGO written statements submitted to the United Nations Human Rights Council, NGO oral statements delivered during the Universal Periodic Review and 36 semi-structured interviews with NGO staff. Data are analysed with a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches to discover what issues are most important for LGBTI networks (issue emergence) and how these issues are framed (issue framing). Along with NGO efficiency in lobbying for the emergence of new human rights standards, the book inevitably discusses important questions related to NGOs' accountability and democratic legitimacy. The book thus asks whether the right to marry is important for LGBTI advocates working transnationally, because this right is particularly controversial among activists and LGBTI communities, especially in non-Western contexts.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Half Title; Title; Copyright; Contents; Detailed Contents; List of documents; List of figures; Acknowledgements; List of abbreviations; 1 Introduction; Introduction: Joslin v New Zealand; Context, definitions and caveat; Intersex status and a note on the use of acronyms; Human rights: between hard- and soft-law; Prohibition of discrimination; Marriage equality debate: pro, against and neither; Marriage rights and the anti-discrimination principle; International law protections for LGBTI couples; Transnational advocacy networks and gatekeeper NGOs; Nongovernmental organizations Sexually and gender diverse people's movements: a historyThe roots of homosexual pressure groups; A new wave of homophile and gay liberation pressure groups after the Second World War; Research questions; Central arguments of the book; Overview of the book; Conclusion; 2 Between friends and foes: transnational advocacy networks, issue emergence and issue framing; Introduction; Transnational advocacy networks; Issue emergence and issue framing: a general overview; Characteristics for issue emergence and issue framing Reasons for tensions in internetwork relations: specific challenges to the development of LGBTI transnational advocacyWeaknesses of peripheral NGOs at the domestic level; Criticism: lack of democratic legitimacy in the NGOs' networks; Transnational advocacy networks are not elected: so what?; Gatekeeper NGOs: centrality and social power; How do LGBTI gatekeeper NGOs respond to the imbalance of power?; LGBTI gatekeeper NGOs work to develop LGBTI TANs horizontally; Issue emergence: gatekeeper NGOs advocate for the rights that enhance domestic political opportunities for peripheral NGOs Framing LGBTI issues as human rights claimsBroader political context and issue framing: access, alliance and political alignment; The prohibition of discrimination principle; The slippery slope argument: marriage inequality to mobilise supporters; Power relations and marriage equality: the collaborative decision-making process; Conclusion; 3 LGBTI transnational advocacy networks: internetwork relations and horizontal networking; Introduction; Internetwork relations; Building stronger and more democratic LGBTI networks: horizontal links between peripherals NGOs How LGBTI gatekeeper NGOs build the network in practiceTraining; Funding; Legal status; Identity; An early example of how the LGBTI network works in practice; Brazilian resolution; Mobilisation effect of the Brazilian resolution; After the Brazilian resolution: continuous attempts to bring SOGII issues before the United Nations; The Yogyakarta Principles: overcoming obstacles with a global response; The Argentinian statement: non-Western states are pressured to take ownership of LGBTI issues; LGBTI activism targets the Human Rights Council
Digital File Characteristics
Source of Description
OCLC-licensed vendor bibliographic record.