9780429442322 (electronic book) 0429442327 (electronic book) 9780429808739 (electronic book : EPUB) 0429808739 (electronic book : EPUB) 9780429808722 (electronic book : Mobipocket) 0429808720 (electronic book : Mobipocket) 9780429808746 (electronic book : PDF) 0429808747 (electronic book : PDF) 9781138337497 1138337498
Routledge research on the United Nations ; 6
Little is known about how far-reaching decisions in UN Security Council sanctions committees are made. Developing a novel committee governance concept and using examples drawn from sanctions imposed on Iraq, Al-Qaida, Congo, Sudan and Iran, this book shows that Council members tend to follow the will of the powerful, whereas sanctions committee members often decide according to the rules. This is surprising since both Council and committees are staffed by the same member states. Offering a fascinating account of Security Council micro-politics and decision-making processes on sanctions, this rigorous comparative and theory-driven analysis treats the Council and its sanctions committees as distinguishable entities that may differ in decision practice despite having the same members. Drawing extensively on primary documents, diplomatic cables, well-informed press coverage, reports by close observers and extensive interviews with committee members, Council diplomats and sanctions experts, it contrasts with the conventional wisdom on decision-making within these bodies, which suggests that the powerful permanent members would not accept rule-based decisions against their interests. This book will be of interest to policy practitioners and scholars working in the broad field of international organizations and international relations theory as well as those specializing in sanctions, international law, the Security Council and counter-terrorism.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Half Title; Series Page; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; List of figures; List of tables; Acknowledgments; List of abbreviations; 1 Security Council sanctions governance: The power and limits of rules; The argument: How committee governance triggers rule-based politics; Committee governance and international organizations; Methods and outline of the book; 2 Committee governance, rules and precedents; The foundations of international organizations; Power politics; Committee governance and the power of rules; The constraints of rule-making The constraints of rule implementationThe logic of coordination situations at the committee stage; Coordination situations at committee stage create demand for focal points; The logic of committee governance in the Security Council; Research design and observable implications; 3 Security Council sanctions regimes: Complex governance entities; The Security Council as master of its sanctions regimes; The sanctions committees as implementing agents; The Panels of Experts as reflexive component; The UN Secretariat's "Sanctions Branch" as administrative component The Focal Point and the Office of the Ombudsperson as individual complaints mechanismsConcluding thoughts; 4 Disarming Iraq: Governing comprehensive sanctions under siege; The political origins of the Iraq sanctions regime; The beginnings: Setting and enforcing rules on the issue of foodstuffs in "humanitarian circumstances"; After the Gulf War: The need for precedents on "no-objection items"; Quality of requests, not power determines committee decisions; The power of rules and precedents in governing flight approvals; Concluding thoughts 5 Terrorist or scapegoat? Targeted sanctions and the threat of Al-Qaida and the TalibanThe political origins of the Al-Qaida/Taliban sanctions regime; Laissez-faire decision-making without criteria, rules and procedures; Criteria, rules and procedures trigger rule-based governance on the listing of individuals and entities; Stalemate creates demand for delisting and review procedures; Deadlock on Taliban prompts division of the sanctions regime; The Ombudsperson as safeguard for rule-based governance; Concluding thoughts 6 The Democratic Republic of the Congo: Targeted sanctions and civil warThe political origins of the Democratic Republic of the Congo sanctions regime; Targeting individuals and entities: No listing without procedures; Decision rules provide focal points for listing requests among the P3; Rwanda in the DRC Committee: The limits of committee governance; Concluding thoughts; 7 The Sudan: How the committee failed to implement targeted sanctions; The political origins of the Sudan sanctions regime; The creation of the Sudan sanctions regime; Down the committee route
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