This volume features a collection of the most important articles on the social, ethical and legal implications of a variety of problems caused by AIDS. The wide range of articles selected for inclusion were chosen on the basis of three criteria: their theoretical depth and coherence, their impact on the subsequent debate and on the social and ethical relevance of the problems addressed. Sections in the book include: physicians and patients, AIDS and the law, HIV testing, clinical research in developed countries, clinical research in developing countries and dying with dignity
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Formatted Contents Note
Contents: Physician-Patient Relationship: Duty to Treat: Legal risks and responsibilities of physicians in the AIDS epidemic, George J. Annas; Duty to treat or right to refuse?, Norman Daniels; HIV infection, risk taking and the duty to treat, Doran Smolkin. Confidentiality/Privacy: Ethical and legal issues in AIDS-related practice, Gary B. Melton; HIV infection and AIDS: the ethics of medical confidentiality, Kenneth M. Boyd. Infected Health Care Workers: Infected physicians and invasive procedures: national policy and legal reality, Patti Miller Tereskerz, Ricard D. Pearson and Janine Jagger; HIV-positive health care workers and the obligation to disclose: do patients have the right to know?, Karen C. Lieberman and Arthur R. Derse. AIDS and the Law: The politics of AIDS: compulsory state powers, public health and civil liberties, Larry Gostin; AIDS, gays and state coercion, Richard D. Mohr; Legal AIDS: implications of AIDS and HIV for British and American law, Alistair Orr; HIV/AIDS, sex and the criminal law, Helen Power; Second international consultation on HIV/AIDS and human rights adopts international guidelines, Editor. HIV Testing: General: HIV-testing and informed consent - ethical considerations, G.R. McLean and T. Jenkins; Routine HIV testing of hospital patients and pregnant women: informed consent in the real world, Martin Gunderson, David Mayo and Frank Rhame. Pregnant Women: Informed consent for HIV testing in a South African hospital: is it truly informed and truly voluntary?, Quarraisha Abdool Karim, Salim S. Abdool Karim, Hoosen M. Coovadia and Mervyn Susser; Mandatory HIV testing and treating of child-bearing women: an unnatural, illegal and unsound approach, Theresa M. McGovern. Clinical Research: General: The law and ethics of psycho-social research on AIDS, Joni N. Gray and Gary B. Melton; The ethical conduct of clinical trials of HIV vaccines, Wendy K. Mariner; Harms of excluding pregnant women from clinical research: the case of HIV-infected pregnant women, Nancy E. Kass, Holly A. Taylor, and Patricia A. King; Non-compliance in AIDS research, John D. Arras. Community Consultation: Community consultation in socially sensitive research: lessons from clinical trials of treatments for AIDS, Gary B. Melton, Robert J. Levine, Gerald P. Koocher, Robert Rosenthal and William C. Thompson; Community consultation and AIDS clinical trials, parts 1-3, Herbert R. Spiers; Conducting social and behavioral AIDS research in drug treatment clinics, Joan E. Sieber and James L. Sorensen. Developing Countries: Unethical trials of interventions to reduce perinatal transmission of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in developing countries, Peter Lurie and Sidney M. Wolfe; Ethical complexities of conducting research in developing countries, Harold Varmus and David Satcher; Human rights and maternal-fetal HIV transmission prevention trials in Africa, George J. Annas and Michael A. Grodin; The 'best proven therapeutic method' standard in clinical trials in technologically developing countries, Robert J. Levine; Ethical, behavioral and social aspects of HIV vaccine trials in developing countries, Peter Lurie, Makkonen Bishaw, Margaret A. Chesney, Molly Cooke, Maria Eugenia Lemos Fernandes, Norman Hearst, Edward Katongole-Mbide, Suporn Koetsawang, Christina P. Lindan, Jeffrey Mandel, Marvellous Mhloyi and Thomas J. Coates. Access to (Experimental) Drugs: Controlled clinical trials of AIDS drugs: the best hope, Ellen C. Cooper; The case for patient access to experimental therapy, Martin Delaney; Patient access to experimental drugs and AIDS clinical trial designs: ethical issues, Udo Schuklenk and Carlton Hogan; New rules for new drugs: the challenge of AIDS to the regulatory process, Harold Edgar and David J. Rothman; AIDS trials, civil liberties and the social control of therapy: should we embrace new drugs with open arms?, David A. Salisbury and Martin T. Schechter; AIDS and the FDA: an ethical case for limiting patient access to new medical therapies, Andrew F. Schorr; Developing drugs for the developing world: an economic, legal, moral and political dilemma, David B. Resnick; Some questions about the moral responsibilities of drug companies in developing countries, Dan W. Brock; Social responsibility and global pharmaceutical companies, Norman Daniels. Dying with Dignity: If I have AIDS then let me die now, Sophia Vinogradov, Joe E. Thornton, A.-J. Rock Levinson and Michael L. Callen; Going early, going late: the rationality of decisions about suicide in AIDS, Margaret P. Battin; Name index.