9781315160276 (electronic book) 1315160277 (electronic book) 9781351662000 (electronic book) 1351662007 (electronic book) 9781351661997 (electronic book : Mobipocket) 135166199X (electronic book : Mobipocket) 9781351662017 (electronic book : PDF) 1351662015 (electronic book : PDF) 9781138064683 1138064696 9781138064690
For as long as we have been researching human memory, psychologists have been investigating how people remember and forget. This research is regularly drawn upon in our legal systems. Historically, we have relied upon eyewitness memory to help judge responsibility and adjudicate truth, but memory is malleable, prone to error, and susceptible to bias. Even confident eyewitnesses make mistakes, and even accurate witnesses sometimes find their testimony subjected to harsh scrutiny. Emerging from this environment, the Cognitive Interview (CI) became a means of assisting cooperative witnesses with recalling more information without sacrificing accuracy. First used by police interviewing adult witnesses, it is now used with many populations in many contexts, including public health, accident reconstruction, and the interrogation of terror suspects. Evidence-Based Investigative Interviewing reviews the application of cognitive research to investigative interviewing, revealing how principles of cognition, memory, and social dynamics may increase the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. It provides evidence-based applications for investigators beyond the forensic domain in areas such as eyewitness identification, detecting deception, and interviewing children. Drawing together the work of thirty-three authors across both the academic and practice communities, this comprehensive collection is essential reading for researchers in psychology, forensics, and disciplines such as epidemiology and gerontology.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of contents; List of Illustrations; List of Contributors; Foreword; 1 Expanding the Cognitive Interview to Non-Criminal Investigations; Introduction; Survey of Empirical Research; Single, external events; High-Arousal Events; Memory for Non-Episodic, General Knowledge; Memory for Internal, Mental Events; Overview of Empirical Testing; Potential Costs of the CI; Where the CI Is Likely or Not Likely to Work Effectively; Retrospective Comments on the CI Research; Acknowledgments; Note; References 2 The Impact of the Cognitive Interview in the UK and Recent Research in PortugalEarly Research on the CI; The First Meta-Analysis of CI Studies; Official Government Guidance in England and Wales; Some Real-World Cases in the UK; Very Recent Studies of the CI in Portugal; 'Improper' Use of the CI?; A 'Very Early' Field Study; Change Perspective; Remembering when RB First Met Ron; A Worldwide Influence; Closing Comment; References; 3 Expanding the Legacy of the Cognitive Interview: Developments and Innovations in Evidence-Based Investigative Interviewing Extending the Legacy: Developments and InnovationsVariants of the CI: Successful Modifications and Contextual Adaptations; Extending the CI 'Toolbox'; Investigative Interviewing Innovations Motivated by the CI; Timeline Technique; Structured Interview Protocol; Conclusion; References; 4 The Cognitive Interview: A Tiered Approach in the Real World; The Beginnings; Training Regime; Ability/Skill Sets of Interviewers: The 'X' Factor of Interviewing; Organizational/Legislative Framework; Flexibility with the Tool Itself; Conclusion; References 5 State of Intoxication: A Review of the Effects of Alcohol on Witnesses' MemoryImportance and Prevalence of Intoxicated Witnesses; Alcohol and "Basic" Memory Research; Theoretical Underpinnings; Perceptions of Intoxicated Witnesses; Alcohol and Witness Memory Research; Challenges with Alcohol and Witness Memory Research; Conclusions and Future Directions; Appendix; Alcohol and Witness Memory Studies; References; 6 From the Police Station to the Hospital Bed: Using the Cognitive Interview to Enhance Epidemiologic Interviewing; Epidemiological Interviewing; The Cognitive Interview Theoretical Basis of the Cognitive InterviewLaboratory and Field Success of the Cognitive Interview; Generalizability of the Cognitive Interview Beyond Witnesses; Unique Cognitive and Social Demands of Contact Tracing Interviewing; An Initial Study on the Effectiveness of the Cognitive Interview in a Contact Tracing Context; Discussion; Note Author Note: Portions of this work were presented and published in dissertation form in fulfillment of the requirements...; 7 The Verifiability Approach; Verbal Lie Detection; The Verifiability Approach: Rationale
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