"The world relies on very few crop and animal species for agriculture and to supply its food needs. In recent decades, there has been increased appreciation of the risk this implies for food security and quality, especially in times of environmental change. As a result, agricultural biodiversity has moved to the top of research and policy agendas. This Handbook presents a comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of agricultural biodiversity in a series of specially commissioned chapters. It draws on multiple disciplines including plant and animal genetics, ecology, crop and animal science, food studies and nutrition, as well as social science subjects which explore the socio-economic, cultural, institutional, legal and policy aspects of agricultural biodiversity. It focuses not only on the core requirements to deliver a sustainable agriculture and food supply, but also highlights the additional ecosystem services provided by a diverse and resilient agricultural landscape and farming practices. The book provides an indispensable reference textbook for a wide range of courses in agriculture, ecology, biodiversity conservation and environmental studies."--Provided by publisher.
Formatted Contents Note
Part, 1 Biological resources for agricultural biodiversity chapter Introduction Agricultural biodiversity, the key to sustainable food systems in the 21st century / Danny Hunter Luigi Guarino Charles Spillane Peter C. McKeown chapter 1 Plant Genetic Resources / Robert Henry chapter 2 How Modern and Ancient Genomic Analyses can Reveal Complex Domestic Histories Using Cattle as a Case Study / Ceiridwen J. Edwards David E. MacHugh David A. Magee chapter 3 Forest and Tree Genetic Resources / David Boshier Judy Loo Ian K. Dawson chapter 4 Wild Plant and Animal Genetic Resources / Verina Ingram Barbara Vinceti Nathalie van Vliet chapter 5 Aquatic Genetic Resources / Devin M. Bartley Matthias Halwart chapter 6 Pests, Predators and Parasitoids / Geoff M. Gurr David J. Perović Kristian Le Mottee chapter 7 Importance of Pollinators in Agricultural Biodiversity / Barbara Gemmill-Herren chapter 8 Soil Biodiversity / Fenton Beed Thomas Dubois Daniel Coyne Didier Lesueur Srinivasan Ramasamy part, 2 The origins and history of agricultural biodiversity chapter 9 Genetic Aspects of Crop Domestication / Paul Gepts chapter 10 Evolution and Domestication of Clonal Crops / Peter J. Matthews chapter 11 Agricultural Biodiversity and the Columbian Exchange / David E. Williams chapter 12 The Green Revolution and Crop Biodiversity / Prabhu L. Pingali chapter 13 Agroecology Using functional biodiversity to design productive and resilient polycultural systems / Miguel A. Altieri Clara I. Nicholls Marcus A. Lana chapter 14 The Role of Trees in Agroecology / Roger R. B. Leakey part, 3 The value of agricultural biodiversity chapter 15 The Quality of the Agricultural Matrix and Long-Term Conservation of Biodiversity / Ivette Perfecto John Vandermeer chapter 16 Agricultural Biodiversity and the Provision of Ecosystem Services / Fabrice DeClerck chapter 17 Leveraging Agricultural Biodiversity for Crop Improvement and Food Security / Rodomiro Ortiz chapter 18 Neglected No More Leveraging underutilized crops to address global challenges / Gennifer Meldrum Stefano Padulosi chapter 19 Agrobiodiversity, Resilience, Adaptation and Climate Change / Brenda B. Lin chapter 20 An Argument for Integrating Wild and Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation / Simon J. Attwood Sarah E. Park Paul Marshall John H. Fanshawe Hannes Gaisberger part, 4 Agricultural biodiversity Human health and well-being chapter 21 Harvesting Common Ground Maximizing the co-benefits of agrobiodiversity and human health / Cristina Romanelli Cristina Tirado chapter 22 Edible Insect Diversity for Food and Nutrition / Wendy Lu McGill Komi K. M. Fiaboe Sunday Ekesi Sevgan Subramanian chapter 23 Agricultural Biodiversity and Cultural Heritage / Juliana Santilli chapter 24 Holding on to Agrobiodiversity Human nutrition and health of Indigenous Peoples / Harriet V. Kuhnlein chapter 25 Agricultural Biodiversity for Healthy Diets and Healthy Food Systems / Jessica E. Raneri Gina Kennedy part, 5 The drivers of agricultural biodiversity chapter 26 Law, Policy and Agricultural Biodiversity / Juliana Santilli chapter 27 Using Access and Benefit-Sharing Policies to Support Climate Change Adaptation / Ana Bedmar Villanueva Isabel López Noriega Michael Halewood Gloria Otieno Ronnie Vernooy chapter 28 'Stewardship' or 'Ownership' How to realize farmers' rights? / Regine Andersen chapter 29 Land-Use Retention and Change to Improve Agricultural Biodiversity / Craig J. Pearson chapter 30 Markets, Consumer Demand and Agricultural Biodiversity / Matthias Jaeger Alessandra Giuliani Irene van Loosen chapter 31 Community Biodiversity Management / Walter Simon de Boef Subedi Abishkar Subedi chapter 32 The Role and Importance of Agricultural Biodiversity in Urban Agriculture / Gudrun B. Keding Céline Termote Katja Kehlenbeck chapter 33 Gender and Agricultural Biodiversity / Janice Jiggins chapter 34 Seed Systems Managing, using and creating crop genetic resources / Niels P. Louwaars part, 6 Safeguarding agricultural biodiversity chapter 35 Uncovering the Role of Custodian Farmers in the On-Farm Conservation of Agricultural Biodiversity / Bhuwon Sthapit Ramanatha V. Rao Hugo Lamers Sajal Sthapit chapter 36 Agricultural Biodiversity Conservation and Management - The Role of Ex Situ Approaches / Ehsan Dulloo Jean Hanson Bhuwon Sthapit chapter 37 Seeds to Keep and Seeds to Share The multiple roles of community seed banks / Ronnie Vernooy Pitambar Shrestha Bhuwon Sthapit chapter 38 'Because it is Ours' Farmers' knowledge, innovation and identity in the making of agricultural biodiversity / Dan Taylor chapter 39 Landscapes of Loss and Remembrance in Agrobiodiversity Conservation / Virginia D. Nazarea chapter 40 From Participatory Plant Breeding to Local Innovation Networks in Cuba / Humberto Ríos Labrada Juan Ceballos-Müller chapter 41 Strengthening Institutions and Organizations, and Building Capacity for the Conservation and Use of Agricultural Biodiversity / Johannes Engels Per Rudebjer chapter 42 Information, Knowledge and Agricultural Biodiversity / Dag Endresen chapter 43 Biodiversity is Given Life by Small-Scale Food Providers Defending agricultural biodiversity and ecological food provision in the framework of food sovereignty / Patrick Mulvany.
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