1. Narrating the mood of the times : confusion, self-doubt, and ambivalence 2. The problem of modernity 3. The theorists of modernity : an introduction to Max Weber, Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim and Freidrich Nietzsche 4. The problem of classical criminology : stabilising disorder through law, or how to achieve the rule of law and hide the chaos of early modernity 5. Reading the texts of classical criminology : beyond mere command into systematic legitimation 6. Criminological positivism I : the search for the criminal man, or the problem of the duck Criminological positivism II : psychology and the positivisation of the soul 8. Criminological positivism III : statistics, quantifying the moral health of society and calculating nature's laws 9. Positivism and the dream of organised modernity 10. Morality, normalcy and modernity : the moral intensity of everyday life 11. Locality and criminology : from the polis to the post-modern city 12. Criminology and the culture of modernity 13. Culture and crime in the post-modern condition 14. Labelling theory, and the work of David Matza 15. Crime and the existentialist dilemma 16. Modernity, gender and crime : from the biological paradigm into feminist interpretations 17. Contemporary social stratification and the development of the underclass 18. Building criminological theory in post-modernism.