1. The climate change challenge / Ute Collier and Ragnar E. Lofstedt 2. The energy dimension / Ute Collier and Ragnar E. Lofstedt 3. Routes of reducing transport-related greenhouse gas emissions / Jo Smith and Susan Owens 4. The EU and climate change policy : the struggle over policy competences / Ute Collier 5. Leadership and unification : climate change policies in Germany / Michael Huber 6. 'Windfall' emission reductions in the UK / Ute Collier 7. Italy : implementation gaps and budget deficits / Gianni Silvestrini and Ute Collier 8. France : relying on past reductions and nuclear power / Pierre Noel Giraud with Ute Collier and Ragnar E. Lofstedt 9. Spain : fast growth in CO2 emissions / Xavier Labandeira Villot 10. Sweden : the dilemma of a proposed nuclear phase out / Ragnar E. Lofstedt 11. Comparative analysis and conclusions / Ute Collier and Ragnar E. Lofstedt.