In recent years, there has been a sharp increase in anti-Muslim attacks. What is driving the proliferation of these hate crimes? Why are Muslims being demonised? Building on current research and drawing upon real-life examples and case studies, this book provides an accessible introduction to Islamophobia and Islamophobic hate crimes along with the various responses to this form of victimisation. Chapters cover a range of topics including: Definitions of hate crime and Islamophobia Islamophobic hate crime online Gender and Islamophobia Media representations of Islamophobia Institutional Islamophobia As one of the first student resources dedicated to the subject of Islamophobia, this book will be instructive and important reading for those engaged in a range of topics in criminology, including hate crime, victimology and victimisation, crime and media, and gender and crime.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; List of tables; 1. Introduction; Background and context; Key themes and concepts; How to use this textbook?; Why study Islamophobia?; What is Islamophobia? Checklist; Key theories in relation to Islamophobia; Key questions; Further reading; References; 2. Understanding Islamophobic hate crime; Introduction; Defining hate crime; Conceptualising Islamophobia; Islamophobia and racism; The racialisation of Muslim identity; Legislation for racially and religiously motivated hate crime; Contemporary Islamophobia Manifestations of IslamophobiaThe visibility of Muslim identity; 'Trigger' events; Social mobility; Key questions; Further reading; References; 3. Islamophobia online and in the digital world; Introduction; Islamophobia online a definition; Impacts of online Islamophobia; Challenging and reporting online Islamophobia; Conclusion; Key questions; Further reading; 4. Gendered Islamophobia; Introduction; Colonial understandings of the veil; Contemporary perceptions of the veil; Case study: the lived experiences of Muslim women in niqab; The criminalisation of the niqab in Europe Islamophobia as a result of the veil banKey questions; Further reading; 5. Islamophobia and perceived Muslim identity; Introduction; Research methods; Urban Islamophobic hate crime and public transport; 'Triggers' of Islamophobic hate crimes; Impacts upon individual victims; Impacts upon wider communities; Reporting incidents, responses and barriers to Islamophobic hate; Key questions; Further reading; References; 6. Using autoethnography for Islamophobic hate crimes; Introduction; What is autoethnography?; Case studies; Advantages, ethical challenges and limitations; Conclusion Key questionsFurther reading; References; 7. Institutional Islamophobia: policing, profiling, and hate; Introduction; Policing Muslims and Islamophobia; Case study: Project Champion, surveillance, and Islamophobia; Airports and flying whilst Muslim; Islamophobia and the 'war on terror'; Debate: what is a suspect community?; Conclusion; Key questions; Further reading; References; 8. Islamophobia, terrorism, and the media; Introduction; What is 'Othering'?; The moral panic syndrome; The case of a Muslim woman and the Westminster attack; The media is oxygen for the far-right; The Leveson inquiry Case study: Mohammed Saleem and WoolwichThe term 'Muslim' in the British newspapers following Woolwich; The term 'Muslim' in regional newspapers following Woolwich; British newspapers: the Print Media portrayal of the word 'terrorist' in Woolwich and in the case of Mohammed Saleem; British regional newspapers: use of the word 'terrorist'; British newspapers: use of the word 'terror' in Woolwich, and the Mohammed Saleem case; British newspapers: use of the terms 'Islam' and 'Islamic' to address Woolwich attack; British Muslims in the media; Conclusion; Key questions; Further reading
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