At a time when Europe is witnessing major cultural, social, economic and political challenges and transformations, this book brings together leading researchers and experts to consider a range of pressing questions relating to the historical origins, contemporary manifestations and future prospects for juvenile justice. Questions considered include: How has the history of juvenile justice evolved across Europe and how might the past help us to understand the present and signal the future? What do we know about contemporary juvenile crime trends in Europe and how are nation states responding? Is punitivity and intolerance eclipsing child welfare and pedagogical imperatives, or is 'child-friendly justice' holding firm? How might we best understand both the convergent and the divergent patterning of juvenile justice in a changing and reformulating Europe? How is juvenile justice experienced by identifiable constituencies of children and young people both in communities and in institutions? What impacts are sweeping austerity measures, together with increasing mobilities and migrations, imposing?How can comparative juvenile justice be conceptualised and interpreted? What might the future hold for juvenile justice in Europe at a time of profound uncertainty and flux? This book is essential reading for students, tutors and researchers in the fields of criminology, history, law, social policy and sociology, particularly those engaged with childhood and youth studies, human rights, comparative juvenile/youth justice, youth crime and delinquency and criminal justice policy in Europe.
Description based upon print version of record. Transformations in the situational context of offending
Formatted Contents Note
Intro; Endorsement; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; List of Contributors; Acknowledgements; Preface; Part I Past; 1 Under pressure? The foundations of children's courts in Europe; Introduction: contemporary juvenile justice debates in Europe and the importance of historical perspectives; The emergence and development of Children's Courts in Europe: social, economic and political transformations; The tensions between social justice and social defence; Children of the 'lower depths'; 'Modern girls' and the city; 'America's gift to the world' The foundational principles of Children's Courts in Europe: institutional ambiguities'Child saving': a noble mission with a punitive baseline; Adult-child separation: diversifying and expanding modes of intervention?; Judicial power: enlightened despotism?; The children's judge's collaborators: probation officers, scientific experts and the Church; Discussion and conclusions: demystifying contemporary beliefs; Note; References; 2 Becoming delinquent? Rethinking the long history of juvenile Justice; Introduction; Juvenile justice developments circa 1788-1908 The Reformatory and Industrial SchoolsBritish juvenile justice historiography; European contexts: policy and practice transfers; Juvenile justice in Europe: continuity and change; New directions in historical juvenile justice research; Notes; References; 3 History, life-course criminology and digital methods: New directions for conceptualising juvenile justice in Europe; Back to the future? Histories of the present; Life-course criminology; Digitising history; New directions for researching the origins and outcomes of juvenile justice in Europe; Notes; References; Part II Present 4 Child-friendly justice: Past, present and futureIntroduction; Key principles of child-friendly justice; Drafting the Guidelines on Child-Friendly Justice: consultation with children and young people; About the children and young people; The views of the children and young people: information about their rights; Obtaining justice; Decisions made about the children and young people; Key themes; Critiquing the Guidelines; Legal status of the Guidelines; Implementing child-friendly justice; Child-friendly justice: implementation in law and policy Analysis, conclusions, future directions and challengesNotes; References; 5 Transformations in youth crime and justice across Europe: Evidencing the case for diversion; Introduction; Reductions in rates of 'crime' and the European youth justice context; The crime drop and young people: the research evidence; The shrinking client group of European youth justice systems; The policy contexts of system contraction; (i) England; (ii) Scotland; Final reflections on crime reduction and policy; The displacement effect; Reductions in traditional modes of street-based offending
Digital File Characteristics
Source of Description
OCLC-licensed vendor bibliographic record.