1. Introduction 2. The philosophical basis for human rights 3. The historical basis for human rights 4. The contemporary basis for human rights 5. Civil and political rights and crimes against humanity 6. Economic, social, and cultural rights 7. Crimes against peace and war crimes 8. Quantitative and theoretical dimensions 9. United Nations charter-based organizations 10. Treaty-based global international organizations 11. American approaches to international human rights 12. European approaches to international human rights 13. Developing county approaches to international human rights 14. New dimensions and challenges.