part, I Introduction chapter 1 Land, scarcity, and property rights / Thomas Hartmann Jean-David Gerber chapter 2 Land policy How to deal with scarcity of land / Jean-David Gerber Andreas Hengstermann François-Xavier Viallon chapter 3 Instruments of land policy Four types of intervention / Andreas Hengstermann Thomas Hartmann part, II Regulating land uses without impacting property rights chapter 4 Reference land values in Germany Land policy by market transparency / Winrich Voß Jörn Bannert chapter A Swedish perspective on reference land values: transparency by tax policy / Thomas Kalbro Leif Norell chapter A Taiwan perspective on reference land values: the hare and the hedgehogs - chasing real price levels with public market information / Tzuyuan Stessa Chao chapter 5 Added value capturing in Switzerland How much is enough? / François-Xavier Viallon chapter A Dutch perspective on added value capture: how far can you go? / Erwin van der Krabben chapter A British perspective on added value capture: ups and downs during its history / Janet Askew chapter 6 Land taxation in Estonia An efficient instrument of land policy for land scarcity, equity, and ecology / Fabian Thiel Fabian Wenner chapter A German perspective on land taxation: political inertia and debates on social and distributional aspects / Dirk Löhr chapter A British perspective on land taxation: politically unpopular / Antonia Layard part, III Steering land uses through regulation impacting property rights chapter 7 Negotiated land use plans in the Netherlands A central instrument in Dutch 'active' and 'passive' land policy / Joost Tennekes chapter An Austrian perspective on negotiated land use plans: a means for municipalities to mobilise building land / Alois Humer chapter A Canadian perspective on negotiated land use plans: discretionary zoning in Vancouver / Marko Marskamp chapter 8 Urban growth boundary in the U.S. Managing land scarcity in the Portland region / Edward J. Sullivan chapter A Dutch perspective on urban growth boundaries: from containing to stimulating growth / Leonie Janssen-Jansen Wendy Tan chapter A German perspective on urban growth boundaries: the answer of comprehensive regional planning / Martin Wickel chapter 9 Land readjustment in Portugal Theoretically attractive but eternally postponed in practice / Beatriz Condessa Ana Morais de Sá Joana Almeida José Antunes Ferreira chapter A German perspective on land readjustment: a proper instrument of modern urban governance for efficient land use / Theo Kötter chapter A Dutch perspective on land readjustment: low practicability without mandatory legislation / Sanne Holtslag-Broekhof chapter 10 Building obligations in Switzerland Overcoming the passivity of plan implementation / Andreas Hengstermann chapter A German perspective on building obligations: planning professionals try to remember / Michael Kolocek chapter A U.S. perspective on obligations to build: planning professionals would be shocked / Harvey M. Jacobs part, IV Redefining property rights to steer land uses chapter 11 Pre-emption rights in France Disputes over pre-emptions and the 'land scarcity' / Romain Melot chapter A Swiss perspective on pre-emption rights: impact without application Disputes over pre-emptions and the 'land scarcity' / Stéphane Nahrath chapter A Serbian perspective on pre-emption rights: change that was necessary? / Sofija Nikolić chapter 12 Tradable development rights in the U.S. Making zoning flexible through market mechanisms / Thomas Skuzinski Evangeline R. Linkous chapter An Israeli perspective on TDR: trading for protecting / Nir Mualam chapter A Canadian perspective on TDR: you call that a 'market'? / Eran S. Kaplinsky chapter 13 Long-term land leases in France An instrument to address scarcity of social housing / Sonia Guelton Vincent Le Rouzic chapter A Swiss perspective on time-limited property rights: strategic use for active land policy / Jean-David Gerber chapter An Australian perspective on heritable building rights: paramount property rights / Rebecca Leshinsky part, V Redistributing property rights to steer land uses chapter 14 Strategic land banking in the Netherlands Experiencing Dutch dilemmas / Tejo Spit chapter A British perspective on strategic land banking: critical voices on land banking / Deborah Peel chapter A U.S. perspective on land banking: just not the American way / Richard K. Norton chapter 15 Expropriation for urban development purposes in Germany Consider very carefully before using it / Juliane Albrecht chapter A Dutch perspective on expropriation: the pragmatic way / Barrie Needham chapter A U.S. perspective on expropriation: a radically different view / Dan Tarlock chapter 16 Nationalization of land in Scotland Private property and the public interest / Greg Lloyd chapter A Czech perspective on nationalization of land: the post-socialist view / Jirina Jilkova chapter A Greek perspective on nationalization of land: kilt and fustanella 1 - same principle, different colours / Konstantinos Lalenis part, VI Conclusion chapter 17 Planning with or against property rights / Jean-David Gerber Thomas Hartmann Andreas Hengstermann.