1. Introduction 2. The cash balance conversion controversy : dying, but not dead 3. Strengths and limitations of information manipulation theory and Grice's maxims for explicating deceptive communication in ERISA disclosures 4. Amara v. CIGNA 5. Tomlinson v. El Paso Corporation 6. Comparing experimental and non-experimental analyses of text comprehensibility and deceptiveness : perspectives on admissibility 7. Disclosure, obfuscation, and deception : are IMT's Gricean maxims helpful?