Evidence has come to light regarding the impact of benzene emissions from road transport, the incidence of asthmatic attacks and the possible toll of particulate matter from diesel engines on human health. This book examines the issues and argues that, without a fundamental change in policy, it is inevitable that the transport sector will continue to impose increasing costs on the natural environment, human health and the economy. It also quantifies the external costs of road transport and suggests new measures, such as road pricing and financial incentives, to pave the way to a sustainable transport system.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Formatted Contents Note
Part I The Theoretical Background: Introduction * External Costs and Economic Efficiency * Part II The External Costs of Road Transport in the United Kingdom: Road Transport and the Enhanced Greenhouse Effect * The Economic Costs of Air Pollution * Noise Pollution * Congestion Costs and Road Damage Costs * The External Costs of Accidents * Aggregate Externality Charges and the Taxation of Road Transport * Part III International Case Studies: The External Costs of Road Transport in Sweden * The External Cost of Road Transport in North America * The External Costs of Road Transport in the Netherlands * Annexe: A Catalogue of Existing External Cost Estimates * References * Index.