Introduction : genetically modified crops and national development priorities / Sakiko Fukuda-Parr Emergence and global spread of GM crops : explaining the role of institutional change / Sakiko Fukuda-Parr US : leading science, technology and commercialization / Greg Traxler Europe : turning against agricultural biotechnology in the late 1990s / Yves Tiberghien West and Central Africa : strategizing biotechnology for food security and poverty reduction / Marcel Nwalozie. [et al.] Argentina : adopting RR soy, economic liberalization, global markets and socio-economic consequences / Daniel Chudnovsky Brazil : confronting the challenges of global competition and protecting biodiversity / Jose Maria F. J. da Silveira and Izaias de Carvalho Borges China : emerging public sector model for GM crop development / Jikun Huang. [et al.] India : confronting the challenge - the potential of genetically modified crops for the poor / Bharat Ramaswami and Carl E. Pray South Africa : revealing the potential and obstacles, the private sector model and reaching the traditional sector / Marnus Gouse Institutional changes in Argentina, Brazil, China, India and South Africa / Sakiko Fukuda-Parr The role of government policy : for growth, sustainability and equity / Sakiko Fukuda-Parr.