"The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which was adopted unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly in 1989, is the worlds most widely and most rapidly ratified international convention. The Convention was adopted partly in an attempt to set international norms and establish a universal standard for the concepts of childhood and child, promote a particular nature of childhood for children everywhere and to set a universal approach for protecting all children around the world. The Convention was different from its predecessors as it recognised children as autonomous individuals and holders of rights, as subjects rather than objects of international law. In this way, then, the Convention marked a turning point in the perception of children in international law and policy. Although it was hoped that the Convention would have a significant and positive impact on the lives of all children, which was one of the main guiding principles behind its creation, this has not happened in many parts of the world. With specific regards to Africa, all countries have struggled to put in place the minimum standards to ensure childrens rights and well being as a result of socio-economic factors, religion, culture, lack of political will, amongst others. This is particularly concerning for a continent where the proportion of the population under the age of 18 is the highest in the world. This book assesses the progress the Convention has made in the past two decades in ten different African countries as well as in the region more generally. It considers the implementation of the Convention both in terms of policy and practice and its impact on the lived experiences of children in societies across the continent, focusing on specific themes such as HIV/AIDS, education and disability, child labour, witchcraft stigmatisation, armed conflict and religion. The volume provides critical analysis of the progress of the Convention and identifies concrete ways forward for the better implementation of this treaty in the various social, cultural and political contexts that exist in Africa"-- Provided by publisher.
Formatted Contents Note
1. Realizing children's rights in Africa : an introduction / Afua Twum-Danso Imoh 2. Conflicting protectionist and participation models of children's rights : their consequences for Uganda's orphans and vulnerable children / Kristen E. Cheney 3. Children's rights in the time of AIDS in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa / Amy Norman 4. Earning rights : discourses on children's rights and proper childhood in Ethiopia / Tatek Abebe and Tamirat Tefera 5. Children's rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo and neoliberal reforms : the case of mines in the province of Katanga / Geraldine Andre and Marie Godin 6. Children's participation in prohibited work in Ghana and its implications for the Convention on the Rights of the Child / Samuel Okyere 7. What can children's rights mean when children are struggling to survive? The case of Chiweshe, Zimbabwe / Michael Bourdillon and Eve Musvosvi 8. In the best interests of the child : the case of child domestic workers in Ghana and Nigeria / Evelyn Omoike 9. Why are aspirations for children in Tanzania not translating into substantive change? / Kate McAlpine 10. Accessing and participating in education in Lesotho : children in the early years with special needs / Jacqui O'Riordan. [et al.] 11. Barriers to the effective implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child in the Niger Delta of Nigeria / Emilie Secker 12. Progressing street children's rights and participation in policy : evidence from South Africa / Lorraine Van Blerk 13. Making the case for a broader definition of child participation : evidence from the Niger Delta of Nigeria / Samuel Okyere and Afua Twum-Danso Imoh 14. The Convention on the Rights of the Child : advancing social justice for African children? / Nicola Ansell.