Recalibrating Juvenile Detention chronicles the lessons learned from the 2007 to 2015 landmark US District Court-ordered reform of the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center (JTDC) in Illinois, following years of litigation by the ACLU about egregious and unconstitutional conditions of confinement. In addition to explaining the implications of the Court's actions, the book includes an analysis of a major evaluation research report by the University of Chicago Crime Lab and explains for scholars, practitioners, administrators, policymakers, and advocates how and why this particular reform of conditions achieved successful outcomes when others failed. Maintaining that the Chicago Crime Lab findings are the "gold standard" evidence-based research (EBR) in pretrial detention, Roush holds that the observed "firsts" for juvenile detention may perhaps have the power to transform all custody practices. He shows that the findings validate a new model of institutional reform based on cognitive-behavioral programming (CBT), reveal statistically significant reductions in in-custody violence and recidivism, and demonstrate that at least one variation of short-term secure custody can influence positively certain life outcomes for Chicago's highest-risk and most disadvantaged youth. With the Quarterly Journal of Economics imprimatur and endorsement by the President's Council of Economic Advisors, the book is a reverse engineering of these once-in-a-lifetime events (recidivism reduction and EBR in pretrial detention) that explains the important and transformative implications for the future of juvenile justice practice. The book is essential reading for graduate students in juvenile justice, criminology, and corrections, as well as practitioners, judges, and policymakers.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Half Title; Series Page; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; List of Figures and Tables; Preface; Acknowledgments; List of Abbreviations; 1 "He Walks with the Angels"; Introduction; Positional Versus Critical; Positions; Values; Theory; What Counts as Knowledge?; Levels of Analysis: Situation-Context-System/Social Structure; Importance of History; Turnover in Leadership; Chicago as History; Helpful Detention; Why No Celebrations?; We Have Met the Enemy; 2 The Court Acts; Introduction; The Complex and Intractable; Change Mechanisms Crowding and Serious Negative ConsequencesPersistent Systems Failures and Chaos; Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center Then; The Players; The American Civil Liberties Union and External Reforms; Superintendency of Jesse Doyle; The John Howard Association of Illinois: Creating Support for Internal Reform; Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative (JDAI); The NJDA/YLC Crowding Grant; Stop the Violence; Chronology 1996-2007; Guilt by Association; 1997 Panel; 2002 Memorandum of Agreement; The 2002 JHA Report by Lane; JDAI Assessment Agreed Supplemental Order and the Modified Implementation PlanThe Vote of No Confidence; The Summit; The Recipe; Geraghty's "Nothing Less Than" a Receiver; Todd Stroger's Decision; The Agreed Order Appointing a Transitional Administrator; The Range of Challenges Facing Dunlap; Could Dunlap Succeed?; New Specifications for Recalibrating Juvenile Detention Services; Recalibrating Specifications 2.1: Situationally Induced Behaviors; Recalibrating Specifications 2.2: Understaffing; Recalibrating Specifications 2.3: Functional Capacity; Recalibrating Specifications 2.4: Blacks and Whites Recalibrating Specifications 2.5: Effects of Reform on DMC and Mental HealthRecalibrating Specifications 2.6: Programs and More Programs, People and More People; Recalibrating Specifications 2.7: Clarifying the Role of the Detention Superintendent; 3 Staff of the Right Kind; Introduction; In Search of a Leader; Leader as Wizard; TA as Leader; Dunlap as TA; Dunlap as Artisan; What's in a Name: Youth Development Specialists; The Good Youth Development Specialist; Strategic Outsourcing of New Staff Recruitment and Hiring; Existing Staff as the First Major Obstacle to Reform The TA's Staffing PlanStaff Resistance to Change; Staff Subversion of Reform; Recalibrating Specifications 3.1: Qualities of Adults Who Form Strong Relationships with Children; Recalibrating Specifications 3.2: CareerBuilder and Personified; 4 Preparations for Reform; Introduction; Recipes for Reform; Contributions of Experts' Reports; 1. Technical and Expert Resources; 2. Organizational Capacity; 3. Coverage and Assignment; 4. Staff Training and Development; 5. The Executive Leadership Team; 6. The Policy and Procedures Manual; Medical and Mental Health Service Units; 7. Setting the Tone
Digital File Characteristics
Source of Description
OCLC-licensed vendor bibliographic record.