The ideal of an inclusive and participatory Internet has been undermined by the rise of misogynistic abuse on social media platforms. However, limited progress has been made at national - and to an extent European - levels in addressing this issue. In England and Wales, the tackling of underlying causes of online abuse has been overlooked because the law focuses on punishment rather than measures to prevent such abuses. Furthermore, online abuse has a significant impact on its victims that is underestimated by policymakers. This volume critically analyses the legal provisions that are currently deployed to tackle forms of online misogyny, and focuses on three aspects; firstly, the phenomenon of social media abuse; secondly, the poor and disparate legal responses to social media abuses; and thirdly, the similar failings of hate crime to tackle problems of online gender-based abuses. This book advances a compelling argument for legal changes to the existing hate crime, and communications legislation.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Formatted Contents Note
Table of Contents Acknowledgments Terminology Chapter 1 Online Misogyny: Law and the Digital Feminist Introduction Why this book and why now What this book is (not) about Addressing online misogyny through law: the limitations Jurisdiction Platform Regulation Feminism, law and the fight against (online) misogyny The rise of the digital feminist Chapter 2 [Online] Misogyny: Old Problems, New Media? 2.1. Introduction An open, participatory ideal? 2.2. Social Media Abuse as a Modern Phenomenon 2.3. From Offline to Online: the digital misogyny switch 2.3.1. The Normalisation of Online Abuse 2.3.2. Political Campaigning & The Techlash 2.3.3. Intersectional Abuse Still Misogyny, Still a Techlash? 2.4. Conclusion Chapter 3 Online Communications: The Legal Landscape 3.1. Introduction Comprehension, Competence, and Cohesion? 3.2. The Limitation Paradox 3.2.1. The Devolution Settlement 3.2.2. The European Union Remit 3.2.3. Limitations Competence v Cohesion? 3.3. Legal Challenges of Online Communications Where Does the Problem Lie? Part I Threats & Threats to Kill 3.4. Threats & Threats to Kill Part II Stalking & Harassment 3.5. Stalking 3.6. Harassment Part III Communications 3.7. Communications Networks 3.8. Conclusions Chapter 4 Hate Crime: The Limits of the Law 4.1. Introduction 4.2. Hate crime: development and classifications 4.2.1. Defining hate crime 4.2.2. Hate crime v Hate speech 4.2.3. Hate speech and human rights 4.2.4. Hate crime: the current legal framework in England & Wales 4.2.5. Who is protected against hate crime? 4.3. Extending the boundaries of hate crime: hate (re)defined 4.3.1. Why the need to include gender in hate crime laws 4.3.2. Gender as a protected characteristic: towards law reform 4.4. Online hate (crimes) 4.4.1. Does online make it different? 4.5. Online misogyny as a hate crime 4.6. Conclusions Chapter 5 - #OVAW, The Internet & Hate: Unfinished (Legal) Business 5.1. The realities of everyday, gender-based hate 5.2. Online misogyny: not a legislative priority 5.3. Implications for legal response and regulation 5.4. Final Thought Index.