The European Convention on Human Rights is the most successful system for the enforcement of human rights in the world. However, to date its full potential for protecting children's rights has not been explored as attention has focused on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. This unique book provides the first analysis of the extensive case law of the Commission and the Court of Human Rights on all issues concerning children and their rights. This study is important as a study of the regional protection of children's rights and, moreover, the case law itself can be directly applied in the legal system of nearly every European country, including the UK. The book includes chapters on the rights of the child under the European Convention on Human Rights in relation to education, protection from abuse, the right to identity, child care, juvenile justice, health care and immigration and the family. It also explores the potential of the Strasbourg mechanism for the protection of children's rights and thus provides a practical and vital guide to the study and use of the European Convention in the broad area of children's rights.