chapter 1 Media and human rights: Mapping the field / Howard Tumber part PART I Communication, expression and human rights chapter 2 Expressing the changes: International perspectives on evolutions in the right to free expression / Guy Berger chapter 3 History of Media and Human Rights / Mark Hampton chapter 4 Media freedom of expression at the Strasbourg Court: Current predictability of the standard of protection offered / Helen Fenwick chapter 5 Communication Freedoms versus Communication Rights: Discursive and normative struggles within civil society and beyond / Bart Cammaerts chapter 6 Freedom of Information and the Media / Ben Worthy chapter 7 Freedom of Expression and the Chilling Effect / Judith Townend chapter 8 Human Rights and Press Law / Julian Petley chapter 9 Human rights and the digital / Kari Karppinen chapter 10 Children's Rights in the Digital Age / Sonia Livingstone chapter 11 Media and Information Literacy (MIL): Taking the digital social turn for online freedoms and education 3.0 / Divina Frau-Meigs chapter 12 Theorising digital media cultures: The politics of watching and being watched / Gavin J.D. Smith chapter 13 All Human Rights are Local: The resiliency of social change / Jan Servaes part PART II Media performance and human rights: Political processes chapter 14 Political Determinants of Media Freedom / Sebastian Stier chapter 15 Beyond the Binary of Universalism and Relativism: Iran, media and the discourse of human rights / Mehdi Semati chapter 16 Rights, Media and Mass-surveillance in a Digital Age / Emma L. Briant chapter 17 Civil Society and Political-Intelligence Elites: From manipulation to public accountability / Vian Bakir chapter 18 Foreign Policy, Media and Human Rights / Ekaterina Balabanova chapter 19 Public Diplomacy, Media and Human Rights / Amelia H. Arsenault part PART III Media performance and human rights: News and journalism chapter 20 Global Media Ethics, Human Rights and Flourishing / Stephen J. A. Ward chapter 21 Investigative Journalism and Human Rights / Michael Bromley chapter 22 International Reporting / Giovanna Dell'Orto chapter 23 Global Violence Against Journalists: The power of impunity and emerging initiatives to evoke social change / Jeannine E. Relly and Celeste Gonzalez de Bustamante chapter 24 Civic Organizations, Human Rights and the News Media / Matthew Powers chapter 25 Rights and Responsibilities When Using User-generated Content to Report Crisis Events / Glenda Cooper chapter 26 Environment and Human Rights Activism, Journalism and 'The New War' / Libby Lester part PART IV Digital activism, witnessing and human rights chapter 27 Social media and human rights advocacy Ella McPherson chapter 28 All the world's a stage: The rise of transnational celebrity advocacy for human rights / Trevor Thrall chapter 29 Social Media Reinvigorates Disability Rights Activism Globally / Beth A. Haller chapter 30 Media and LGBT Advocacy: Visibility and transnationalism in a digital age / Eve Ng chapter 31 Live-witnessing, slacktivism and surveillance: Understanding the opportunities, challenges and risks of human rights activism in a digital era / Summer Harlow chapter 32 Human rights and the media/protest assemblage / Stefania Milan chapter 33 Imaging Human Rights: On the ethical and political implications of picturing pain / Kari Anden-Papadopoulos chapter 34 Citizen Witnessing of Human Rights Abuses / Stuart Allan chapter 35 Video and Witnessing at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia / Sandra Ristovska chapter 36 Media, Human Rights and Forensic Science / Steven Livingston part PART V Media representation of human rights: Cultural, social and political chapter 37 Media, Culture and Human Rights: Towards an intercultural communication and human rights journalism nexus / Ibrahim Seaga Shaw chapter 38 Media and women's human rights / Barbara M. Freeman chapter 39 News Coverage of Female Genital Cutting: A seven country comparative study / Meghan Sobel chapter 40 Media, Human Rights and Religion / Jolyon Mitchell chapter 41 The Role of News Media in Fostering Children's Democratic Citizenship / Cynthia Carter chapter 42 News language and human rights: Audiences and outsiders / Martin Conboy chapter 43 Media, Human Rights and Political Discourse / Lisa Brooten chapter 44 Media, Human Rights and Refugees / Kerry Moore chapter 45 Labour journalism, human rights and social change / Anya Schiffrin chapter 46 Public Safety / Sonja Wolf chapter 47 Prisoners, Human Rights and the Media / Paul Mason chapter 48 Changes in War-Making, Media and Human Rights: Revolution or repackaging? / Melissa Wall chapter 49 Media, Terrorism and Freedom of Expression / Brigitte L. Nacos.