The Myth of the 'Crime Decline' seeks to critically interrogate the supposed statistical decline of crime rates, thought to have occurred in a number of predominantly Western countries over the past two decades. Whilst this trend of declining crime rates seems profound, serious questions need to be asked. Data sources need to be critically interrogated and context needs to be provided. This book seeks to do just that. This book examines the wider socio-economic and politico-cultural context within which this decline in crime is said to have occurred, highlighting the changing nature and landscape of crime and its ever deepening resistance to precise measurement. By drawing upon original qualitative research and cutting edge criminological theory, this book offers an alternative view of the reality of crime and harm. In doing so it seeks to reframe the 'crime decline' discourse and provide a more accurate account of this puzzling contemporary phenomenon. Additionally, utilising a new theoretical framework developed by the author, this book begins to explain why the 'crime decline' discourse has been so readily accepted. Written in an accessible yet theoretical and informed manner, this book is a must-read for academics and students in the fields of criminology, sociology, social policy, and the philosophy of social sciences.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Half Title; Series Page; Title Page; Copyright Page; Dedication; Contents; List of figures; Acknowledgements; Introduction: a picture in search of a new frame; A note on methodology; Structure and content; 1 Constructing the statistical quilt for the comfortable dream: exploring the 'international crime decline'; The international crime victims survey; Practical limitations and methodological issues of the ICVS; Reframing the 'international crime decline' discourse; Criminal obsolescence and the mutation of crime; Constructing the statistical quilt; 2 Context is everything Contextualising Lake TownNeoliberalism and economic globalisation; Globalising the illicit; The 'glocal' connection; 3 Invisible crimes and non-criminalised harms; The hidden landscape of global crime; The hidden landscape of everyday crime; Zemiology and the exploration of non-criminalised harms; Criminology or zemiology? Yes, please!; Finding 'harm's' ontological reality; 4 A view from life on the precipice; 'You should have called it skid row'; 'The frontline is all-around'; 'Well that's just normal now'; 'You've got like police recorded crime and then you have crime' 'Crime's changing, it's evolving''People believe what they want to believe'; 5 Paradigmatic dominance and eyes wide shut: beyond positivism and constructionism; Positivism and constructionism; Critical realism: beyond positivism and constructionism; The turn to speculative realism and transcendental materialism; Managed deaptation through the pseudo-pacification process; 6 Dreaming comfortably: theorising the 'crime decline' and modernity's dream myth; Analysing modernity's dream myth; The myth-sustaining dream; The myth of the 'crime decline'; A multipurpose dream myth Degrees of assimilationConclusion; References; Index
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