Recent disease events such as SARS, H1N1 and avian influenza, and haemorrhagic fevers have focussed policy and public concern as never before on epidemics and so-called 'emerging infectious diseases'. Understanding and responding to these often unpredictable events have become major challenges for local, national and international bodies. All too often, responses can become restricted by implicit assumptions about who or what is to blame that may not capture the dynamics and uncertainties at play in the multi-scale interactions of people, animals and microbes. As a result, policies intended to forestall epidemics may fail, and may even further threaten health, livelihoods and human rights.2. New Rules for Health? Epidemics and the International Health Regulations,3. Haemorrhagic Fevers: Narratives, Politics and Pathways 4. SARS, China, and Global Health Governance5. Constructing AIDS: Contesting Perspectives on an Evolving Epidemic 6. Local Practice Versus Exceptionalist Rhetoric: Case Studies of HIV/AIDS Programming in South Africa7. Fighting the 'Flu: Risk, Uncertainty and Surveillance 8. Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Narratives of Security, Global Healthcare and Structural Violence9. Epidemics of Obesity: Narratives of 'Blame' and 'Blame Avoidance' As this book explores, it is often the most vulnerable members of a population-the poor, the social excluded and the already ill-who are likely to suffer most from epidemic diseases. At the same time, they may be less likely to benefit from responses that may be designed from a global perspective that neglects social, ecological and political conditions on the ground. This book aims to bring the focus back to these marginal populations to reveal the often unintended consequences of current policy responses to epidemics. Important implications emerge - for how epidemics are thought about and represented; for how surveillance and response is designed; and for whose knowledge and perspectives should be included.Published in association with the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)The book takes a unique approach by focusing on how different policy-makers, scientists, and local populations construct alternative narratives-accounts of the causes and appropriate responses to outbreaks- about epidemics at the global, national and local level. The contrast between emergency-oriented, top-down responses to what are perceived as potentially global outbreaks and longer-term approaches to diseases, such as AIDS, which may now be considered endemic, is highlighted. Case studies-on avian influenza, SARS, obesity, H1N1 influenza, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and haemorrhagic fevers-cover a broad historical, geographical and biological range.
Formatted Contents Note
chapter 1 Epidemic Narratives / Melissa Leach chapter 2 New Rules for Health? Epidemics and the International Health Regulations / Sarah Dry chapter 3 Haemorrhagic Fevers: Narratives, Politics and Pathways / Melissa Leach chapter 4 SARS, China and Global Health Governance / Gerald Bloom chapter 5 Constructing AIDS: Contesting Perspectives on an Evolving Epidemic / Jerker Edström chapter 6 Local Practice versus Exceptionalist Rhetoric: Case Studies of HIV/AIDS Programming in South Africa Hayley MacGregor chapter 7 Fighting the Flu: Risk, Uncertainty and Surveillance / Ian Scoones chapter 8 Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis: Narratives of Security, Global Health Care and Structural Violence / Paul Nightingale chapter 9 Epidemics of Obesity: Narratives of 'Blame' and 'Blame Avoidance' / Erik Millstone chapter 10 Scapepigging: H1N1 Influenza in Egypt / Mariz Tadros chapter 11 Towards Conclusions: Science, Politics and Social Justice in Epidemic Accounts and Responses / Sarah Dry.