Routledge advances in international relations and global politics.
What were the calculations made by the US and its major allies in the 1960s when they faced the signing of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)? These were all states with the technological and financial capabilities to develop and possess nuclear weapons should they wish to do so. In the end, only the United Kingdom and France became nuclear weapon states. Eventually, all of them joined the non-proliferation regime.Leading American, British, Canadian, French, German and Japanese scholars consider key questions that faced the signatories to the NPT:How imperative was nuclear deterrence in facing the perceived threat to their country?How reliable did they think the US extended deterrence was, and how costly would an independent deterrent be both financially and politically?Was there a regional option?How much future was there in the civilian nuclear energy sector for their country and what role would the NPT play in this area?What capabilities needed to be preserved for the country's future and how could this be made compatible with the NPT?What were the determining factors of deciding whether to join the NPT?.
Formatted Contents Note
chapter Introduction / YOKO IWAMA chapter 1 Nuclear proliferation and conceptions of national interest: the US case, 1960-1967 / WILLIAM BURR chapter 2 After the hegemony of the "Atoms for Peace" programme: multilateral non-proliferation policy under the Nixon and Ford administrations / SHINSUKE TOMOTSUGU chapter 3 Britain, the deterrence/non-proliferation dilemma and the NPT / JOHN BAYLIS chapter 4 France's relationship to the NATO defense strategy and the Western non-proliferation regime / DOMINIQUE MONGIN chapter 5 Problem solved? The German Nuclear Question and West Germany's accession to the NPT (1967-1975) / ANDREAS LUTSCH chapter 6 Canada's affair with nuclear weapons: building, debating, acquiring, retiring / DON MUNTON chapter 7 Japan's nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation diplomacy during the Cold War: the myth and reality of a nuclear bombed country / AKIRA KUROSAKI chapter 8 The Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the decision to join the Non-Proliferation Treaty / YOKO IWAMA chapter 9 In the shadow of China's bomb: nuclear consultation, commitment reconfirmation, and missile defence in the US-Japan alliance, 1962-1968 / SHINGO YOSHIDA.