From ancient to modern times, sexualised war violence against women was tolerated if not encouraged as a means of reward, propaganda, humiliation, and terror. This was and is in defiance of international laws that have criminalised acts of sexualised war violence since the 18th century. Ad hoc international tribunals have addressed especially war rape since the 15th century. The International Criminal Court (ICC), however, is the first independent, permanent, international criminal court that recognises not only war rape but also sexual slavery and other sexualised crimes as crimes against humanity, war crimes, and acts of genocide in its statute and supporting documents.
Formatted Contents Note
chapter 1 Introduction chapter 2 Theories and methods chapter 3 Theories and legislative histories of war rape and forced marriage chapter 4 The dynamics of the ICC negotiations: Actors' identities, infl uences and methods chapter 5 The ICC negotiations of war rape and forced marriage chapter 6 The Women's Caucus' understanding of forced marriage chapter 7 The Arab block's proposal chapter 8 Conclusion.