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This book offers a scholarly introduction to comparative criminal justice. It examines and reflects on the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages in the criminal justice process, from policing, to systems of trial, to sentencing, and punishment. This popular bestseller has been fully updated and expanded for the fourth edition. This textbook provides the reader with: a comparative perspective on criminal justice and its main components a knowledge of methodology for comparative research and analysis a discussion of global trends such as the global drop in crime, the punitive turn, penal populism, privatization, international policing and international criminal tribunals an understanding of the emerging concepts in comparative criminal justice, such as security, surveillance, crimmigration and penal exceptionalism a global and historical consideration of the death penalty and international criminal justice increased attention to environmental crime, genocide and policy brutality. The new edition has been fully updated to keep abreast with this growing field of study and research, to include a broader coverage of judicial decision makers; a new chapter on the death penalty in comparative perspective; and further coverage of key topics such as global policing and electronic monitoring, and new insights into measuring and understanding crime and punishment globally. In this book, lists of further reading, study questions and boxed case studies help bring comparative criminal justice alive for students and instructors alike. This book is perfect reading for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in comparative criminal justice and those who are engaged in the study of global responses to crime.
First edition: Cullompton, Devon, UK : Willan, 2004.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; List of Tables; 1 Comparative criminal justice: better knowledge, better justice?; The utility of the comparative project; The nature of this book; Further reading; Study questions; 2 Conducting comparative research in a globalised world: the aims of comparison; Research orientations; Doing comparative research; Case studies; Focused comparisons; Statistical analysis; Using criminal justice statistics comparatively; Comparative criminal justice and globalisation; Methodological hazards; Conclusion: a cosmopolitan turn? Further readingStudy questions; 3 Comparing crime: finding patterns, uncovering meaning; Comparing official statistics; The global crime drop; Specialised international statistics; Establishing rates of crime via other means; Establishing the meaning of crime in a comparative context; Further reading; Study questions; 4 Social workers, psychiatrists, torturers, murderers: comparative policing; Police brutality; Police and policing; Police numbers and policing tasks; Policing styles and crime control; Community policing; Zero tolerance policing; Pro-active or targeted policing Policy transfer and policy diffusionPolicing corruption; The rise of private policing; Conclusion; Further reading; Study questions; 5 Global cops?: Transnational and global policing; Transnational policing; 'High' and 'low' policing; International policing institutions; International policing from a US perspective; Globalisation and international policing; The nature and the policing of borders; The nodal governance of international policing; Security Sector Reform; Conclusion; Further reading; Study questions; 6 Criminal justice actors in prosecution and pre-trial justice; Prosecution Prosecution in the NetherlandsLay review of prosecution: the American Grand Jury; The core function of a prosecution service; Pre-trial justice: the role of magistrates; Pre-trial custody in law and practice; Diversion; The New Zealand family group conference; 'Mental health' diversion; Conclusion; Further reading; Study questions; 7 The day in court: systems of trial; Families of trial systems; Inquisitorial trials in France; Adversarial trials in Crown Courts in England and Wales; Adversarial and inquisitorial justice in theory and practice; Trials in the Islamic legal tradition Indigenous courtsCourts in a cold climate: achieving justice in Alaska; Legal pluralism; Conclusion; Further reading; Study questions; 8 Peers or patriarchs: criminal justice actors; Safe pairs of hands: the judiciary; Juries: an endangered species?; 'The lamp that shows freedom lives': the English jury; The American jury; Juries in inquisitorial systems; New jury systems; Conclusion; Further reading; Study questions; 9 Punishment: punitivity, prison, electronic monitoring and control; Fairness and effectiveness; Prisons and their comparative histories; Prisoner numbers
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