In December 2015, 196 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) adopted the Paris Agreement, seen as a decisive landmark for global action to stop human- induced climate change. The Paris Agreement will replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol which expires in 2020, and it creates legally binding obligations on the parties, based on their own bottom-up voluntary commitments to implement Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) The codification of the climate change regime has advanced well, but the implementation of it remains uncertain. This book focuses on the implementation prospects of the Agreement, which is a challenge for all and will require a fully comprehensive burden- sharing framework. Parties need to meet their own NDCs, but also to finance and transfer technology to others who do not have enough. How equity- based and facilitative the process will be, is of crucial importance. The volume examines a broad range of issues including the lessons that can be learnt from the implementation of previous environmental legal regimes, climate policies at national and sub-national levels and whether the implementation mechanisms in the Paris Agreement are likely to be sufficient. Written by leading experts and practitioners, the book diagnoses the gaps and lays the ground for future exploration of implementation options. This collection will be of interest to policy-makers, academics, practitioners, students and researchers focusing on climate change governance.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Formatted Contents Note
Chapter 1: Implementation of International Environmental Agreements - Vesselin Popovski Chapter 2: Hard and Soft Law on Climate Change: Comparing the 1997 Kyoto Protocol with the 2015 Paris Agreement - Vesselin Popovski Chapter 3: A Comparative Architectural Analysis of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol and the 2015 Paris Agreement and other ways to counter Environmental Ratification Fatigue - Trudy Fraser Chapter 4: Promoting the Implementation of International Environmental Law: Mechanisms, Obligations and Indicators -Natalia Escobar-Pemberthy Chapter 5: Strengthening compliance under the Convention on Biological Diversity: Comparing Follow-up and Review Systems with the Global Climate Regime -Ana Mara Ulloa and Sylvia I. Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen Chapter 6: Five Short Words and a Moral Reckoning: The Paris regimes COP-APA Equity Stocktake Process - Hugh Breakey Chapter 7: Equity in Global Stocktake - Swapna Pathak Chapter 8: Stakeholder Perceptions of the Implementation Capacity of the Climate Change Regime - Tim Cadman and Tek Maraseni Chapter 9: Technological Ethics, Faith and Climate Control: The Misleading Rhetoric Surrounding the Paris Agreement -Harold P. Sjursen Chapter 10: The Implementation of the Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities within the Paris Agreement: A Governance Values Analysis - Anna Huggins and Rowena Maguire Chapter 11: After Paris: Do We Need an International Agreement on Green Compulsory Licensing? - Dong Qin Chapter 12: Low Carbon Market Opportunities and a Brief Discussion on Lessons Learned from Adaptation Fund - Andrea Ferraz Young Chapter 13: Understanding the Relationship between Global and National Climate Regimes and Local Realities in India - Arnab Bose and Seema Sharma Chapter 14: Paris Agreement and Climate Change in India: To Be or Not To Be? - Aditya Ramji Chapter 15: USA and India on Climate Change: How the Tables Turned? -Armin Rosencranz and Rajnish Wadehra Chapter 16: Cities and Paris Agreement -Kelsey Coolidge Chapter 17: Beyond COP21: What Does Paris Agreement Mean for European Climate and Energy policy? -Annika Bose Styczynski Chapter 18: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats To the Implementation Of The Paris Agreement In the Latin American Region - Trishna Mohan Kripalani and Gargi Katikithala