1. Current controversies in freedom of expression 2. Rights-based judicial review, constitutional cultures and expressive freedom 3. Political expression : political parties, voters and candidates 4. Comparative constitutional issues arising from the regulation of election campaign finance 5. Wounding words : the constitutional challenge posed by hate speech in modern liberal democracies 6. Sexually explicit expression and the courts 7. Advertising, autonomy and proportionality : constitutional arguments surrounding the regulation of commercial expression 8. Conclusion : protecting expression as a constitutional value.