"Current estimates indicate that approximately 2.2 million people are incarcerated in federal, state, and local correctional facilities across the United States. There are another 5 million under community correctional supervision.Many of these individuals fall into the classification of special needs or special populations (e.g., women, juveniles, substance abusers, mentally ill, aging, chronically or terminally ill offenders). Medical care and treatment costs represent the largest portion of correctional budgets, and estimates suggest that these costs will continue to rise. In the community, probation and parole officers are responsible for helping special needs offenders find appropriate treatment resources. Therefore, it is important to understand the needs of these special populations and how to effectively care for and address their individual concerns.The Handbook of Offenders with Special Needs is an in-depth examination of offenders with special needs, such as those who are learning-challenged, developmentally disabled, and mentally ill, as well as substance abusers, sex offenders, women, juveniles, and chronically and terminally ill offenders. Areas that previously have been unexamined (or examined in a limited way) are explored. For example, this text carefully examines the treatment of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender offenders, racial and gender disparities in health care delivery, as well pregnancy and parenthood behind bars, homelessness, and the incarceration of veterans and immigrants. In addition, the book presents legal and management issues related to the treatment and rehabilitation of special populations in prisons/jails and the community, including police-citizen interactions, diversion through specialty courts, obstacles and challenges related to reentry and reintegration, and the need for the development and implementation of evidence-based criminal justice policies and practices.This is a key collection for students taking courses in prisons, penology, criminal justice, criminology, and related areas of study, and an essential resource for academics and practitioners working with offenders with special needs."--Provided by publisher.
Formatted Contents Note
part, I Administration and Management Issues chapter 1 Challenges Criminal Justice Practitioners and Treatment Professionals Encounter with Special Needs Offenders / Kimberly D. Dodson chapter 2 Constitutional and Legal Issues Tracing the Legal Landscape from Entry to Release / Kwan-Lamar Blount-Hill Beverly Blount-Hill chapter 3 Specialty Courts Funneling Offenders with Special Needs Out of the Criminal Justice System / Cassandra A. Atkin-Plunk Lincoln B. Sloas chapter 4 Special Needs Correctional and Community Facilities Designing for Inmates with Special Needs / John H. Weigel Sydney M. Kennedy chapter 5 Specialized or Segregated Housing Units Implementing the Principles of Risk, Needs, and Responsivity / Ryan M. Labrecque chapter 6 Administrative and Treatment Issues when Jailing Offenders with Special Needs Negotiating Limited Resources / Jennifer Guriel Myers part, II Special Populations chapter 7 Women Offenders Gender-Responsive Treatment During Incarceration and Reentry / Lisa M. Carter chapter 8 Parenting Behind Bars The Experiences of Incarcerated Mothers and Fathers / Michael B. Mitchell Kimberly D. Dodson LeAnn N. Cabage chapter 9 Juvenile Offenders Diverting Youth and Utilizing Evidence-Based Practices / Riane M. Bolin chapter 10 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Offenders Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Incarceration / Chris Wakefield Andrew L. Spivak chapter 11 Incarcerating the Homeless Risk Factors and Promising Strategies for Reentry / Shelley J. Listwan Laura Barber Deborah Koetzle chapter 12 Incarcerated Veterans Confronting Military Service Struggles through Treatment and Diversion / LeAnn N. Cabage chapter 13 Immigrant Prisoners Conditions of Confinement and Institutional Abuses / Jodie M. Lawston chapter 14 Prison Gangs Identification, Management, and Renunciation / Robert D. Hanser chapter 15 Suicidal Prisoners Identifying Suicide Risk and Implementing Preventative Policies / Christine Tartaro chapter 16 Death Row Inmates Housing and Management Issues / Cedric Michel part, III Medical and Mental Health Issues chapter 17 Prisoners with Mental Illness Treatment Challenges and Solutions / Andrea Cantora Tiffaney Parkman chapter 18 Substance Abuse Screening, Assessment, Planning, and Treatment / Robert D. Hanser chapter 19 Offenders with Co-Occurring Disorders Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment / Jerrod Brown Jeffrey Haun Anthony Wartnik chapter 20 Offenders with Physical Disabilities Experiences Across the Criminal Justice System / Margaret E. Leigey Victoria M. Smiegocki chapter 21 Aging Behind Bars Assessing the Health Care Needs of Graying Prisoners / Mary E. Harrison Joynt Alex J. Bishop chapter 22 Chronic and Terminal Illness Providing End-of-Life Care to Dying Prisoners / Kimberly D. Dodson chapter 23 Offenders with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Contact with the Criminal Justice System / James R. Patton Edward A. Polloway chapter 24 Sex Offenders with Intellectual Disabilities Deficits and Risk Factors for Offending / Jerrod Brown Cody Charette Aaron Trnka Diane Neal Janina Cich chapter 25 Offenders with Learning Disabilities and Special Education Needs Applying DEAR and BASE Models / Jerrod Brown Jeffrey Haun Elizabeth Quinby Deborah Eckberg chapter 26 Forgotten Populations Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Health Care Disparities / Adam K. Matz part, IV Treatment in the Community chapter 27 Policing Special Needs Offenders Implementing Training to Improve Police-Citizen Encounters / Bradley D. Edwards Jennifer Pealer chapter 28 Treating Offenders with Specialized Needs in the Community Constructing Community and Social Support Systems / Aida I. Diaz-La Cilento chapter 29 Reentry and Reintegration of Adult Special Populations Community Involvement, Police Partnerships, and Reentry Councils / Robert D. Hanser chapter 30 Developing and Implementing Evidence-Based Policies and Practices Improving Offender Treatment Outcomes / Kimberly D. Dodson LeAnn N. Cabage Hannah L. Brown.