1. An introduction to the substantive law of evidence 2. The law of evidence : the burdens and standards of proof 3. Testimony of witnesses 4. The disclosure of evidence and protection from disclosure : privilege and public interest immunity 5. Silence : the effect on an accusation 6. Course of trial 7. Hearsay : the exclusionary rule 8. Hearsay : admissibility in criminal cases 9. Hearsay : civil cases 10. Confessions and evidence obtained unlawfully 11. Evidence of bad character in criminal proceedings 12. Admissibility of bad character evidence of witnesses and defendants 13. Corroboration, lies, care warnings and identification evidence 14. Opinion, documentary and real evidence.