This book presents a comprehensive investigation of the notion of obligation in Bentham's thought. For Bentham, obligation is a fictitious - namely linguistic - entity, whose import and truth lie in empirical perceptions of pain and pleasure, 'real' entities.This work explores Bentham's fictionalism, and aims to identify the general features that ethical fictitious entities (including obligation) share with other kinds of fictitious entities. The book is divided into two parts: the first examines the ontological and epistemological foundations of Bentham's distinction between real and fictitious entities; the second part addresses the normative and motivational aspects of moral and legal notions.This book reveals the centrality of the following issues to Bentham's legal reform: logic, theory of language, physics, metaphysics, metaethics, axiology, moral psychology, the structure of practical reasoning and action with reference to the law.
Formatted Contents Note
chapter From the normative question to Bentham chapter The ontology of fiction The theory of real and fictitious entities and its relation with the normative question chapter 1 The distinction between reality and fiction chapter 2 The representation of the physical world chapter The normativity of fiction The evolution of the theory of real and fictitious entities chapter 3 Ethical fictitious entities chapter 4 Normativity and motivation chapter From Bentham to the normative question.