1. Historical background 2. The international law of armed conflict 3. Common Article 3, customary international humanitarian law, and human rights law applicable to the conflict in southeast Turkey 4. Belligerents 5. The international law of armed conflict jus ad bellum 6. Terrorism, the law of armed conflict and the PKK 7. Terrorism : historical engagement and the global war on terror 8. Self-determination : models for a political solution 9. International humanitarian law : recognition of the conflict as a basis for constructive political dialogue and peace-building.