"Providing one of the first comprehensive, cross cultural examinations of the dynamic market for sexual services, this book presents an evidence-based look at the multiple factors related to purchasing patterns and demand among clients who have used the internet. The data is drawn from two large surveys of sex workers' clients in the US and UK. The book presents descriptive baseline data on client engagement with online platforms, demographics and patterns of frequency in different markets, information on smaller niche markets and client reactions to exploitation, safety and changes in the law. The book makes clear that the situational as well as individual factors affect the willingness and ability to purchase sexual services. The view that emerges shatters the stereotypes and generalizations on which much policy is based, and demonstrates the complexities surrounding who pays for sex and the contours of sexual consumption in consumer culture"-- Provided by publisher.
Formatted Contents Note
Cover Half Title Title Copyright Dedication Contents List of figures List of tables Note on authors Acknowledgements Introduction: understanding sexual consumption Reframing the debate The economics of demand and clients as consumers Beyond individual motivations: situational factors affecting commercial sex markets The consumer climate Body work and sexual services Technology and the digital world of sex Sexual consumption and masculinity Introducing our surveys UK 'Beyond the Gaze' survey US 'Sexual Economy' survey Who was not included in our surveys race and the digital divide A note on language Outline of chapters 1 Knowledge about consumers Thinking about clients as consumers Existing data on prevalence and characteristics Prevalence Characteristics of clients Different types of clients? Age and life course Violence Consumers as perpetrators? Conclusion: looking at social processes 2 Law, policy and politics in the UK and the US Consuming sex: capitalism, consumption and carceral politics The global policy landscape neo-abolitionism The law: US and UK US law UK law How do consumers understand and react to the law? Conclusion: how the law matters 3 Advertising and avenues of access to paid sex The consumer journey Advertising: physical methods Print advertising Word-of-mouth advertising Street visibility The digital world: the adult entertainment 'super highway' Mapping the online terrain Sex workers' safety and internet advertising Independents BDSM and kink Brothels, massage parlours and walk-up flats Escort agencies Street work Cross-sector marketing How service buyers use the internet Finding adult service providers Browsing the internet: "window shopping" and "cruising" Using the internet to communicate with providers Multi-method modes of contact What do review sites do for the community? Limiting online advertising and US SESTA/FOSTA Conclusion: customers online browsing, buying and buddying 4 Who are clients and how do they buy? purchasing patterns, customer segmentation and the economics of sexual consumption Who buys sex and how? Overview of customers Age Relationship and living arrangements Race/Ethnicity Social attitudes Sexual-service markets Market choices in the UK and US surveys Frequency or consistency of using paid sexual services Buying sexual services and travel Regulars Comparing patterns among consumers Street customers: are they unique? Types of consumers in the US Experimenters Frequent generalists Frequent Online Loyalists Legal Brothel Loyalists Types of consumers in the UK Online clients General clients Two typologies in dialogue The life course and cohort effects Services, finances and risk: economics of sexual-service buying Services
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