Biodiversity research and prospecting are long-standing activities taking place in a new legal and ethical environment. Following entry into force of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1993, and other recent policy developments, expectations and obligations for research and prospecting partnerships have changed. However, to date there are few guides to integrating these concepts with practice. As part of the People and Plants initiative to enhance the role of communities in efforts to conserve biodiversity and use natural resources sustainably, Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge will be invaluable to students, researchers and local communities, academic institutions, international agencies, government bodies and companies involved in biodiversity research, prospecting and conservation.This book offers practical guidance on how to arrive at equitable biodiversity research and prospecting partnerships. Drawing on experience and lessons learned from around the world, it provides case studies, analysis and recommendations in a range of areas that together form a new framework for creating equity in these partnerships. They include researcher codes of ethics, institutional policies, community research agreements, the design of more effective commercial partnerships and biodiversity prospecting contracts, the drafting and implementation of national 'access and benefit-sharing' laws, and institutional tools for the distribution of financial benefits.
Formatted Contents Note
part, Section I IODIVERSITY RESEARCH RELATIONSHIPS chapter 1 Laying the foundation: equitable biodiversity research relationships / Miguel N Alexiades Sarah A Laird chapter The characteristics of biodiversity research chapter Institutions Where chapter B1.1C chapter Biodiversity research and the changing 'ethical envelope' chapter Development of a concept of ethics in biodiversity research circles chapter Biodiversity research relationships as intercultural communication chapter 2 Professional society standards for biodiversity research: codes of ethics and research guidelines / Sarah A Laird Darrell A Posey chapter What are research guidelines? chapter B2.1TPCFBRP (1996) chapter B2.2DI chapter B2.3E chapter B2.4TAAACE: chapter International Society of Ethnobiology (ISE) chapter B2.5TMDMA chapter B2.6FFC: TCT-CPSECRIH chapter Conclusion chapter Note chapter 3 Institutional policies for biodiversity research / Sarah A Laird Rachel Wynberg chapter Working towards a comprehensive policy for academic and commercial research chapter B3.1CPG - part, Section 5 chapter The process of developing a policy chapter B3.2T : chapter B3.3TUI, C' PCRPS: chapter INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSES TO BENEFIT - SHARING IN SOUTH A chapter B3.4BSA: chapter Taking stock chapter LIMBE B OTANIC GARDEN P OLICY ON ACCESS TO G RESOURCES AND B RESEARCH AND D INFORMATION E chapter Institutional policy as a commitment to best practice chapter 4 Publication of biodiversity research results and the flow of knowledge / Sarah A Laird Miguel N Alexiades Kelly P Bannister Darrell A Posey chapter PEOPLE , chapter Biodiversity research and publications chapter B4.1R - chapter B4.2R' chapter B4.3T : chapter B4.4A ' : chapter DUSUN COMMUNITIES ' KINABALU N PARK chapter Draft distribution protocol for the plant manual Wakau, Kayu Om Sakot:Tubat Tinungkusan Sinakagon Kadazandusun , 16 September 1998 (updated 8 October 1998) chapter 5 'Giving back': making research results relevant to local groups and conservation / Patricia Shanley Sarah A Laird chapter THE H Y BEE N ETWORK : TRANSFORMING THE SHARING chapter COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN TRAINING AND COSTA R chapter B5.1TMLC : ' ' chapter B5.2 -: F chapter B5.3F ' ' chapter EMPOWERING COMMUNITIES TO SLOW DEFORESTATION : EASTERN A chapter Recognize local value of biodiversity chapter Catalyse the learning process with new, useful, challenging concepts chapter FOREST EDUCATION IN THE EASTERN A MAZON : THE chapter Dissemination chapter Jump with Whales part, Section II IN PROTECTED AREAS IODIVERSITY RESEARCH AND PROSPECTING chapter 6 Protected area research policies: developing a basis for equity and accountability Research in protected areas / Sarah A Laird Estherine E Lisinge chapter B6.1W ? chapter B6.2 IUCN PAC 1994 G A chapter THE T NATIONAL P ARK IN CÔTE D 'I VOIRE chapter CASE S TUDY 2D CAMEROON chapter Benefits resulting from research collaborations chapter The Mount Kupe Forest Project: draft Guidelines for Visiting Researchers at Mount Kupe chapter Draft research policy for protected areas in Cameroon chapter BUILDING A BASIS FOR EQUITABLE RESEARCH BWINDI I NATIONAL P chapter B6.3TCBD chapter NOVARTIS ' S GOLDEN EGGS FROM A NORWEGIAN GOOSE chapter ACCESS TO GENETIC RESOURCES AND BENEFIT - : AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN Y NATIONAL P DIVERSA C chapter B6.4RD 391 A P chapter B6.5 WWF IUCN/WCPA PI/TPPA part, Section III COMMUNITY RELATIONSHIPS WITH chapter 7 Building equitable research relationships with indigenous peoples and local communities: prior informed consent and research agreements / Sarah A Laird Flavia Noejovich chapter B7.1I : chapter B7.2TA : ' chapter B7.3W ? chapter B7.4TKY chapter B7.6TICC: chapter CASE S TUDY 1N O QUICK FIX : DESIGNING ; THE CASE OF M AFRICA chapter B7.8C chapter B7.9D ? A chapter CASE S TUDY 2B : THE FIJIAN COMMUNITY IN A BIODIVERSITY chapter B 7.10 V chapter Definition of terms and scope chapter B 7.11 TGNPP chapter Responsibilities of other collaborators chapter B 7.12 TAF chapter B 7.13 TSA: - chapter Term and amendment Annex chapter Annex 7.1 Prior informed consent: the anthropology and politics of cross-cultural exchange / Miguel N Alexiades (Institute of Economic Botany, the New York Botanical Garden) and Daniela M Peluso (Columbia University) chapter Conclusion chapter Annex 7.2 Indigenous peoples' declarations and statements and equitable research relationships / Graham Dutfield (Working Group on Traditional Resource Rights, Mansfield College, Oxford University) chapter B 7.14 S chapter Participation in research and decision-making chapter Codes of ethics to guide research partnerships chapter Annex 7.3 Prior informed consent: protocol and form / Marianne Guerin-McManus (Conservation International) and Dillon Kim (Conservation International) chapter B 7.15 B chapter Notes part, Section IV THE COMMERCIAL USE OF BIODIVERSITY AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE chapter 8 Biodiversity prospecting: the commercial use of genetic resources and best practice in benefit-sharing / Sarah A Laird and Kerry ten Kate chapter B8.1D chapter Horticulture chapter B8.4C chapter B8.5 CITES chapter B8.6W ''? chapter B8.7T chapter Demand for access to genetic resources chapter B8.8E-: - chapter Best practice in benefit-sharing chapter B8.9M - chapter B 8.10 D - chapter Botanical medicines, personal care and cosmetic products chapter B 8.11: I : chapter B 8.12 PCBD chapter Coalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies (CERES) chapter Conclusion chapter Note chapter 9 Biodiversity prospecting contracts: the search for equitable agreements / Brendan Tobin chapter B9.1APD 391 chapter Identifying the resources and the parties who are the basis for chapter B9.2P chapter B9.3C chapter B9.4C -: chapter B9.5I : chapter Prior informed consent and traditional knowledge rights chapter B9.6TP ICBG A chapter Genetic resources as information technology chapter Enforcing contracts and securing equity chapter B9.7W, chapter Disclaimers of fitness for purpose Insurance policies chapter 10 Elements of commercial biodiversity prospecting agreements / Michael A Gollin chapter Structures for biodiversity prospecting agreements chapter B 10.1 D F chapter B 10.2 B P: - chapter Annex 10.1 Outline of issues to address and language to comsider in a biodiversity prospecting agreement / Michael A Gollin chapter Outline of issues to consider in bioprospecting agreements chapter 11 Sharing financial benefits: trust funds for biodiversity prospecting / Marianne Guerin-McManus Kent C Nnadozie Sarah A Laird chapter B 11.1 K chapter Size and scope of trust funds chapter CASE S TUDY 1 T FOREST P EOPLE FUND OF S chapter CASE S TUDY 2 N IGERIA ' S F UND FOR INTEGRATED R DEVELOPMENT AND T MEDICINE (FIRD-TM) chapter Criteria for fund disbursement and compensation chapter CASE S TUDY 3 T PANAMA ICBG T RUST FUND : NATIONAL E FUND OF THE F NATURA chapter B 11.3 K chapter Governing structure chapter CASE S TUDY 4 T HEALING F OREST CONSERVANCY : T FUND C chapter B 11.5 P chapter B 11.6 S chapter General lesson learned: the importance of champions chapter B 11.7 F chapter Flexibility and efficiency part, Section V ATIONAL POLICY CONTEXT chapter 12 Developing and implementing national measures for genetic resources access regulation and benefit-sharing / Charles V Barber Lyle Glowka Antonio G M La Viña chapter B 12.1 W ' ' CBD? chapter Sovereignty over genetic resources chapter Prior informed consent (PIC) chapter B 12.2 D - chapter B 12.3 I CBD - chapter B 12.4 A -M chapter B 12.5 D 391: CRAGRAP chapter B 12.6 I - chapter B 12.7 TPIPRA 1997 chapter B 12.8 P P chapter B 12.9 D -S A: chapter CASE S TUDY 1 T HE PROCESS OF DEVELOPING COSTA R ' S 1998 B LAW AND ITS SHARING chapter B 12.10 S - chapter Coverage of associated knowledge and information chapter Benefit-sharing and technologytransfer chapter Administrative mechanism chapter Conclusion part, Section VI chapter 13 Conclusion and recommendations Conclusion / Sarah A Laird, Charles V Barber, Kelly P Bannister, Lyle Glowka, Michael A Gollin, Kerry ten Kate, Flavia Noejovich, Brendan Tobin, Antonio G M La Viña and Rachel Wynberg chapter Making benefit-sharing work in practice chapter Recommendations for protected area managers chapter Directory of useful contacts and resources Biodiversity-related secretariats chapter Selected national government access and benefit-sharing contacts chapter Selected industry associations chapter Socially responsible business organizations chapter Note chapter Contributors' contact information / Chapter authors chapter Acronyms and abbreviations chapter Glossary chapter References chapter Section I: Biodiversity research relationships.