xlix, 356 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Area handbook series. 1057-5294. DA pam ; 550-162.
"Research completed October 1992." Supersedes the 1984 ed. of Poland : a country study, edited by Harold D. Nelson.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 307-327) and index.
Formatted Contents Note
Foreword Acknowledgments Preface Chronology Of Important Events Country Profile Introduction 1: Historical Setting / Neal Pease Early history until 1385 Origins of Poland Medieval era Integration into European civilization Jagiellon era, 1385-1572 Polish-Lithuanian union Golden age of the sixteenth century Noble republic, 1572-1795 Elective monarchy Deluge, 1648-67 Decay of the commonwealth Three partitions, 1764-95 Partitioned Poland Napoleonic period Impact of nationalism and romanticism Era of national insurrections Time of organic work Social and political transformation Independence Won And Lost, 1914-1915 World War I Interwar Poland World War II Polish People's Republic Consolidation of communist power From Stalinism to the Polish October Gathering crisis of people's Poland, 1956-80 Birth of solidarity Jaruzelski interlude 1989 elections and their aftermath 2: Society And Its Environment / Glenn E Curtis Physical setting Topography Drainage climate Environment And Pollution Environmental conditions and crises Environmental groups Government environmental policy Demography Languages Population growth and structure Population density and distribution Social Order Ethnic groups Intelligentsia Working classes Social relationships Role of women Housing Communist housing policy Polish housing in practice Housing after 1989 Religion Polish Catholic church and the state Polish Catholic church and the people Other churches Education Education tradition Eras of repression Drive for education reform Structure of the education system Health And Welfare Health conditions Health care system Health issues Welfare system 3: Economy / Zbigniew M Fallenbuchl Natural Resources Minerals and fuels Agricultural resources Labor force Economy Under The Communist System System structure Development strategy Development Of The Centrally Planned Economy Establishing the planning formula Retrenchment and adjustment in the 1960s Reliance on technology in the 1970s Reform failure in the 1980s After The Fall Of The Communist System Marketization and stabilization Macroeconomic indicators for 1990-91 External balance of the economy Privatization process Economic policy making in the 1990s Structure Of The Economy Fuels and energy Extractive and manufacturing industries Agriculture Fishing and forestry Transportation and communications Banking and finance Foreign Trade Foreign trade mechanism Postcommunist policy adjustments Foreign investment Economic Prospects 4: Government And Politics / Ronald D Bachman Political Setting Round table agreement Mazowiecki government Popular election of a president Bielecki government Parliamentary elections of October 1991 Olszewski government Pawlak interlude Suchocka government Constitution Constitution of 1952 Constitutional revisions after April 1989 Government Structure Presidency Sejm Senate Supreme control chamber Council of ministers Regional and local government Judicial system Political Parties Solidarity Center alliance Democratic union Liberal-democratic congress Beer-lovers' party Peasant alliance Christian national union Party of Christian democrats Confederation for an independent Poland PZPR and successor parties Polish peasant party Politics And The Media Early opposition press Liberalization in the 1980s End of press censorship Book publishing Radio and television Foreign Relations Soviet Union and Russia Other former Soviet Republics Southern neighbors and the Visegrad Triangle Germany United States Other Western Countries International organizations 5: National Security / Glenn E Curtis Development Of The Armed Forces From medieval times to World War I Interwar years World War II Communist era National Security Policy Threat perception Military doctrine Strategy and tactics Military cooperation and exchanges Defense Organization Communist tradition Evolution and restructuring National security agencies Armed services Military Manpower Military and society Recruitment and service obligations Military training and education Defense And The National Economy Military budget Arms procurement Law And Order Internal security Crime Penal system Under communism Appendix Tables Bibliography Glossary Index Contributors.
Also available in digital form on the Library of Congress Web site and the Internet Archive Web site.
KKP68 .P65 1994
Available in Other Form
Online version: Poland. 3rd ed. Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1994 Online version: Poland. 3rd ed. Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1994