Area handbook series. 1057-5294. DA pam ; 550-176.
Revised edition of: Area handbook for Austria. 1st ed. 1976. "Research completed December 1993."
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 273-286) and index.
Formatted Contents Note
The Alpine-Danubian region before the Habsburg dynasty. The Celtic and Roman eras ; The early medieval era ; The Holy Roman Empire and the Duchy of Austria Rise of the Habsburg empire. The Habsburg dynasty in the late medieval era ; Territorial expansion, division, and consolidation ; The Protestant Reformation in the Habsburg lands ; The Turkish threat The counter-reformation and the Thirty Years' War. Division and rebellion ; The Thirty Years' War, 1618-48 ; The peace of Westphalia The baroque era. Political and religious consolidation under Leopold ; The Turkish wars and the siege of Vienna ; The war of the Spanish succession ; The pragmatic sanction and the war of the Austrian succession, 1740-48 The reforms of Maria Theresa and Joseph II. Baroque absolutism and enlightened despotism ; The strategic impact of the reform era The Habsburg empire and the French revolution. The Napoleonic wars ; The congress of Vienna Austria in the age of Metternich. International developments, 1815-48 ; Domestic policies The revolution of 1848 and neoabsolutism. Revolutionary rise and fall ; The failure of neoabsolutism ; Loss of leadership in Germany Austria-Hungary to the early 1900s. The founding of the dual monarchy ; Final defeat in Germany and reconciliation with Prussia ; The eastern question ; Internal developments in Austria The final years of the empire and World War I. The crisis over Bosnia and Hercegovina ; World War I ; The end of the Hapsburg empire and the birth of the Austrian republic The first republic. Overview of the political camps ; The foundation of the first republic ; Political life of the 1920s and early 1930s ; The end of constitutional rule ; Growing German pressure on Austria The Anschluss and World War II. Absorption of Austria into the Third Reich ; Nazi economic and social policies ; Repression and compliance ; World War II and the defeat of Nazi Germany Restored independence under Allied occupation. Foundation of the second republic ; Four power occupation and recognition of the provisional government ; The 1945 election and consolidation of the Austrian government ; Consolidation of democracy ; Austria's integration with the West ; The 1955 state treaty and Austrian neutrality The grand coalition and the Austrian people's party coda, 1955-70. Foreign policy in the late 1950s and the 1960s ; Elections and parties ; Domestic tranquility under the grand coalition The Kreisky years, 1970-83. Electoral politics in the Kreisky era ; Domestic issues ; Foreign policy ; End of the Kreisky era Geography. Landform regions ; Human geography ; Climate ; Ecological concerns Austrian national identity Demography. Demographic development ; Immigration ; Emigration. [cont.] Social Minorities. Official minority groups ; Other minorities ; Attitudes toward minorities Social structure Family life. Family developments after the 1960s ; Status of women Religion Education Social Security. Employment, unemployment, and pension benefits ; Health and health insurance ; Family benefits Housing Economic growth and government policy. Historical background ; Developments during the 1970s and 1980s ; The new policies ; The magic pentagon ; The subsidy policy ; Foreign workers in Austria Principal economic interest groups. The chambers of commerce ; The chambers of agriculture ; The chambers of labor ; The professions ; The Austrian trade union federation ; Works councils ; The federation of Austrian industrialists Social partnership Structure of the economy. The agricultural sector ; The industrial sector ; Energy ; The services sector Foreign economic relations. Foreign trade and the balance of payments ; Austria and European integration ; Openings toward the east Constitutional framework Government institutions. The federal president ; Chancellor and cabinet ; Nationalrat ; Bundesrat ; Bundesversammlung ; Judicial system ; Civil service ; Provincial government ; Local government ; Electoral system Political dynamics. The social democratic party of Austria ; The Austrian people's party ; The freedom party of Austria ; The green parties ; Political developments since 1983 Mass media. Newspapers and periodicals ; Radio and television Foreign relations. Foreign policy during the Kreisky era ; New focus on Europe ; Regional issues Historical background. The Hapsburg military ; Two world wars, 1914-18 and 1939-45 Strategic concepts and missions of the Austrian armed forces Neutrality and the armed forces National defense. Army ; Personnel, conscription, training, and reserves ; Army equipment ; Air force ; Uniforms, ranks, and insignia ; Military justice ; The defense budget ; Domestic and foreign sources of military equipment Internal security. Penal codes ; Criminal court proceedings ; Police ; Incidence of crime ; Penal system List of figures. Administrative division of Austria, 1993 ; Europe in the sixteenth century ; Austrian empire, 1815 ; Austria-Hungary, 1867-1918 ; Topography and drainage ; Population by age and gender, 1990 ; Population by age and gender, projected 2020 ; Structure of the education system, 1993 ; Economic activity, 1993 ; Transportation system, 1993 ; Structure of government, 1993 ; Organization of national defense, planned 1995 ; Major military installations, planned 1995 ; Military ranks and insignia, 1993.
Digital File Characteristics
System Details Note
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. (http://purl.oclc.org/DLF/benchrepro0212)
Source of Description
Description based on print version record.
Available in Other Form
Print version: Austria. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division,