Introduction : understanding use of force The necessity of force Checks on force Questions for discussion 1. Seizure, searches, probable cause, and arrest The Fourth Amendment standards The exclusionary rule Probable cause and arrest Privacy expectations and constitutional law Ethics and discretion Questions for discussion 2. Use of lethal and nonlethal force Proportionality and physical force Use of lethal force Less lethal alternatives Crowd control and siege situations Operation order Case study : Ruby Ridge, what went wrong? Case study : World Series crowd control, what went wrong? Importance of training/certification Documenting use of force Hypotheticals Questions for discussion 3. Custodial interrogation What is custodial interrogation? Due process Costs and benefits Pretext stops and traffic stops as custodial interrogation Questions for discussion 4. Liability of law enforcement officers Civil liability Criminal liability Rampart Questions for discussion 5. High-speed pursuit Introduction, Scott v. Harris Definition of pursuit and scope of the question Cases Policy and training Questions for discussion Conclusion : reasonable use of force by police Glossary of key definitions Key cases and holdings.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (pages -158).
KF5399 .M39 2008
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