Publication (International Chamber of Commerce) ; no 439.
Papers presented at a workshop convened by the International Maritime Bureau of the International Chamber of Commerce at San Jose State University, California, 16-19th March 1986.
Formatted Contents Note
Introduction and overview / Brian A.H. Parritt The implications of the Achille Lauro hijacking for the maritime community / Jeffrey D. Simon Terrorism and the maritime environment / Paul Wilkinson Future trends in international terrorism / Brian M. Jenkins A chronology of terrorist attacks and other criminal actions against maritime targets / Brian M. Jenkins Maritime terrorism : the threat / Thomas S. Schiller Criminal violence at sea : observations on the threat and appropriate responses / Steven W. Haines The Gulf War and shipping : recent developments / Thomas S. Schiller Practical measures to be taken by ports and ships' crews to prevent an attack and to minimise the risk when an attack occurs / Chaim Stav The role of military force to protect ships and ports against terrorist attacks / Bruce Harlow Prevention of a terrorist attack of a ship while at port or sea / Frank Mazzone Precautions that shipowners could take to protect their vessels / Christopher Hewer Proactive measures to protect a seaport / George R. Havens Terrorism in a maritime context : law, insurance and the legal implications of armed merchant ships / Jonathan Ignarski Terrorism at sea : the historical development of an international legal response / Samuel P. Menefee Appendix 1. Piracy Appendix 2. Chronology of attacks Gulf War and terrorist Appendix 3. Workshop participants.