9781107046627 hardback 1107046629 hardback 9781107678828 paperback 110767882X paperback
"The notion of burden of proof and its companion notion of presumption are central to argumentation studies. This book argues that we can learn a lot from how the courts have developed procedures over the years for allocating and reasoning with presumptions and burdens of proof, and from how artificial intelligence has built precise formal and computational systems to represent this kind of reasoning. The book provides a model of reasoning with burden of proof and presumption, based on analyses of many clearly explained legal and non-legal examples. The model is shown to fit cases of everyday conversational argumentation as well as argumentation in legal cases. Burden of proof determines (1) under what conditions an arguer is obliged to support a claim with an argument that backs it up and (2) how strong that argument needs to be to prove the claim in question"-- Provided by publisher.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 285-295) and index.
Formatted Contents Note
1. Introduction to basic concepts and methods 2. Burdens of proof in legal reasoning 3. Presumption in legal reasoning 4. Shifting the burden of proof in witness testimony 5. Burden of proof in dialogue systems 6. Solving the problems of burden of proof 7. Burdens of proof in different types of dialogue 8. Conclusions.
K2263 .W348 2014
New York, NY : Cambridge University Press, 2014.