Relat́orio final da CNV / Comissã̃o Nacional da Verdade.
Brasilia : Comissã̃o Nacional da Verdade, 2014.
1 online resource (3 volumes in 6 parts)
Formatted Contents Note
Relatorio Final da CNV: Volume 1. Parte I - A Comissao Nacional da Verdade Parte II - As estruturas do Estado e as graves violacoes de direitos humanos Parte III - Metodos e praticas nas graves violacoes de direitos humanos e suas vitimas Parte IV - Dinamica das graves violacaes de direitos humanos: casos emblematicos, locais e autores O Judiciiario Parte V - Concluses e recomendacoes Relatorio Final da CNV: Volume 2. Texto 1 - Violacoes de direitos humanos no meio militar. Texto 2 - Violacoes de direitos humanos dos trabalhadores. Texto 3 - Violacoes de direitos humanos dos camponeses. Texto 4 - Violacoes de direitos humanos nas igrejas cristas. Texto 5 - Violacoes de direitos humanos dos povos indígenas. Texto 6 - Violacoes de direitos humanos na universidade. Texto 7 - Ditadura e homossexualidades. Texto 8 - Civis que colaboraram com a ditadura. TEXto 9 - A resistencia da sociedade civil as graves violacoes de direitos humanos Relatorio Final da CNV: Volume 3. 1950-1060 1970-1971 1972-maio de 1973 Junho de 1973-Abril de 1974 Maio de 1974-outubro de 1985 Perfis de mortos e desaparecidos políticos - 1946-1988 (em ordem cronologica)
Report of truth commission created in 2012 to investigate human rights violations that occurred in Brazil between September 18, 1946 and October 5, 1988. On 10 December 2014, almost 30 years after the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964-1985) had come to an end, the “National Truth Commission” (“Comissao Nacional da Verdade”, CNV), established on 18 November 2011, presented its Final Report following an investigation that lasted two years and seven months (from May 2012 to December 2014). The Report comprises three volumes with a total of 4400 pages. The CNV consisted of seven members (“Conselheiros”)*, who were supported by over 200 research staff. The Report describes the human rights violations committed between 1946 and 1985 in great detail, listing both perpetrators and victims. The third section of the first volume of the report lists as the four most important violations of human rights: (1) unlawful and arbitrary detentions; (2) systematic torture using physical and psychological methods (proven for at least 1843 of an estimated total of over 20,000 victims) as well as rape and sexual assault; (3) summary, arbitrary and extrajudicial executions or other forms of state murder; (4) enforced disappearance and concealment of the victims' bodies. The report ends with 29 recommendations and four conclusions which are translated into English for the first time with this post (see appendix below). This post provides an brief overview of the report as well as an evaluation of the work of the CNV. On the whole, the report constitutes a laudable, albeit limited effort to cope with Brazil's dictatorial past and it may hopefully contribute to changing the still dominant authoritarian mentality in the country and strengthen its democratic institutions. The first volume of the Report has 18 chapters and was written jointly by all members. Here the CNV provides a detailed description of those human rights violations considered to be particularly significant due to their cruelty; these were committed mainly between 1964 and 1985 under the rule of the military junta who had carried out the 1964 coup d'état. The CNV describes the dictatorship's functioning and bureaucratic structure, including its many repressive agencies (and the various police services (“Policia Civil, Militar e Federal”), which made the systematic commission of human rights violations possible in the first place. Apart from the extremely powerful national secret service (“Servico Nacional de Informacao”, SNI), which reported directly to the president, each ministry had its own secret service. The Commission also details the close cooperation between the militaries of the Cono Sur (Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay) as part of so-called Operation Condor and the training of the Brazilian military by foreign agencies, particularly by the “United States Army School of the Americas”. The second volume contains Commission members' individual contributions on human rights violations against particular groups and institutions (including members of the military (!), workers, farmers, the Church, indigenous peoples, universities, homosexuals) and on business people's collaboration with the dictatorship. The third volume, which in the opinion of the CNV is of “vast historical importance”, is dedicated to 434 individual victims, of whom 191 were killed, 210 disappeared permanently and 33 disappeared temporarily but later 'reappeared'. The period reported covers 1946 to 1985 and narrates the victims' lives and the circumstances of their deaths, thus showing that the Brazilian State under military dictatorship pursued an active policy of systematic human rights violations. (Summary from http://www.ejiltalk.org/12892/)
Source of Description
Description based on contents viewed on January 20, 2015; title from caption.