Introduction / V. Lynn Meek, Leo Goedegebuure, Rui Santiago and Teresa Carvalho Academic Middle Managers Under the New Governance Regime at Austrian Universities / Hans Pechar The Changing Role of Academic Leadership in Australia and the Netherlands: Who Is the Modern Dean? / V. Lynn Meek, Leo Goedegebuure and Harry De Boer Academic Middle Managers and Management in University Colleges and Universities in Belgium / Jef C. Verhoeven The Roles and Responsibilities of Middle Management (Chairs and Deans) in Canadian Universities / Lydia Boyko and Glen A. Jones Middle-Level University Managers in Italy: An Ambiguous Transition / Stefano Boffo Presidents and Deans in French Universities: A Collective Approach to Academic Leadership / Stéphanie Mignot-Gérard From Democracy to Management-Oriented Leadership? The Manager-Academic in Norwegian Higher Education / Ingvild Marheim Larsen New Public Management and Middle Management: How Do Deans Influence Institutional Policies? / Teresa Carvalho and Rui Santiago UK Higher Education: Captured by New Managerialist Ideology? / Paul Trowler The New University: What It Portends for the Academic Profession and Their Managers / Jack H. Schuster The Changing Nature of Academic Middle Management: A Framework for Analysis / Harry De Boer, Leo Goedegebuure and V. Lynn Meek.