Wittgenstein's early conception of value. An outline of tractarian ontology ; Value, the self, and the mystical ; The lecture on ethics ; Conclusion Language-games, the private language argument and aspect psychology. Language-games ; The private language argument ; Aspect psychology ; Conclusion The soul and attitudes towards the living. Wittgenstein's general conception of the soul ; Ilham Dilman on the soul and seeing-as ; Religious contexts ; J.B. Watson and the denial of the soul ; Attitudes towards other minds and forms of life ; The soul and the face ; Aspect-blindness and dawning ; Conclusion Particularism, rule-following, and evaluations. David McNaughton on the property of humanity and particularism ; John McDowell on rule-following and values ; Peter Winch on moral particularism ; Conclusion The meaning and value of the religious point of view. Wittgenstein on Frazer's golden bough ; Truth in religion ; Conclusion Wittgenstein on art: reactions and causes. Aesthetics, causes, and natural history ; A contemporary evolutionary account of aesthetic value ; Neuroscientific accounts ; Conclusion Aesthetic realism and the definition of art. Aesthetic historicism and relativism ; Institutional and historical theories of art ; Conclusion Forms of life, moral truth, and justification. Cora Diamond on forms on seeing-as, theory and imagination ; Paul Johnston on moral justification and truth ; D.Z. Phillips and H.O. Mounce on the justification of morality ; Conclusion Doubt and certainty: framework beliefs and core values. An overview of certainty ; Avrum Stroll, Anthony O'Hear and Cyril Barrett on certainty and value ; Conclusion Cultural relativism and institutional embodiment. Peter Winch on cultural relativism ; Sabina Lovibond on moral facts and institutional embodiment ; Cyril Barrett on cultural relativism ; Conclusion How to do things with Wittgenstein Conclusion: how to do things with Wittgenstein.