"In the wake of the brutal attack on Mumbai in 2008 that killed 166 people, the Indian government reinstated harsh counterterrorism measures that it had previously repealed or allowed to lapse because they had led to serious human rights violations. Back to the Future: India's 2008 Counterterrorism Laws details the ways in which the reinstated measures, most of which are amendments to India's Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, could lead to torture, prolonged precharge detention, and other serious abuses. The amendments reinforce powers that allow the government to proscribe or classify as 'terrorist' a broad range of peaceful opposition movements. The 2008 laws widen the broad definition of terrorism contained in previous law. Security forces are empowered to conduct searches and compel third-party information without a court order or warrant. Suspects can be detained without charge for up to 180 days, including 30 days in police custody, where most abuse traditionally occurs. Terrorism suspects can be denied bail and prosecuted in special courts empowered to hold closed-door hearings with secret witnesses. In some circumstances, suspects do not even benefit from the presumption of innocence. The amendments could be abused to target legitimate activities by political, ethnic, regional, or other movements. Human Rights Watch urges the Indian government to revise these laws to respect due process and other international human rights standards."--P.  of cover.
"July 2010"--Table of contents page. "This report was written by Nehal Bhuta, and edited by Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director for Human Rights Watch, and by Brad Adams, director of the Asia division at Human Rights Watch."--P. 20.
Bibliography, etc. Note
Includes bibliographical references.
Formatted Contents Note
Summary Recommendations Vague and overbroad definition of terrorism Unlawful restrictions of freedom of association Arbitrary arrest, search and seizure, and compulsion of information Arbitrary detention Presumption of guilt Acknowledgements.
Also available via the Internet on the Human Rights Watch web site.